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INS Vikrant (2013)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the decommissioned Majestic-class aircraft carrier, see INS Vikrant (R11).

Vikrant being moved for fitting out in June 2015

History

India

Name: INS Vikrant

Namesake: INS Vikrant (R11)

Owner: Ministry of Defence

Operator: Indian Navy

Ordered: 2004

Builder: Cochin Shipyard Limited

Cost: $0.5bn (planned), $3.765bn (to date)


Laid down: 28 February 2009

Launched: 12 August 2013

Commissioned: December 2018(expected)[1]

Motto: "I defeat those who fight against me".Sanskrit जयेम सं यु ध

पृ ध:

Status: Fitting out

General characteristics

Class and type: Vikrant-class aircraft carrier

Displacement: 40,000 tonnes (44,000 short tons)

Length: 262 m (860 ft)

Beam: 60 m (200 ft)

Draught: 8.4 m (28 ft)

Depth: 25.6 m (84 ft)

Installed power: 4 × General Electric LM2500+ gas turbines

Propulsion: Two shafts

Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)

Range: 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi)[2]

Crew: 1,400 (including air crew)


Selex RAN-40L long-range early warning and
Sensors and
surveillance AESA radar.
processing systems:

Elta EL/M-2248 MF-STAR AESAmultifunction radar.

Armament: 4 × Otobreda 76 mm (3 in) dual purpose cannons


Barak 1 & Barak 8 surface-to-air missile launchers (2 x 32
cells VLS)

AK-630 CIWS [3]

Aircraft carried: fixed-wing aircraft including [4]


o 15 x Mikoyan MiG-29K

o 15 x HAL Tejas[4][5][6]

rotatory-wing including [4]


o 10 x Kamov Ka-31, Westland Sea

King and HAL Dhruv.[7]

Aviation facilities: 10,000 m2 (110,000 sq ft) flight deck

INS Vikrant (Sanskrit: व ा त víkrānta "courageous"[8]) (IAC-I) is the first aircraft carrier built in India and the first Vikrant-
class aircraft carrier built by Cochin Shipyard (CSL) in Kochi, Kerala for the Indian Navy. The motto of the ship is Jayema Sam
Yudhi Sprdhah (Sanskrit:जयेम सं यु ध पृ ध:), which is taken from Rig Veda 1.8.3 and is translated as "I defeat those who fight
against me".
Work on the ship's design began in 1999, and the keel was laid in February 2009. The carrier was floated out of its dry dock on 29
December 2011[9] and was launched in 2013. Construction is expected to be completed by 2016 and the ship is due to be
commissioned in late 2018. The project cost has escalated dramatically to 19,341 crore (US$2.9 billion) as of 2014.[10]
Cochin Shipyard has offered repeatedly to build a second similar Project 71 Indigenous Aircraft Carrier while the Navy finalizes
plans for the configuration of its larger and likely nuclear-powered next carrier.[10]

Contents
[hide]

 1Design
 2Construction
o 2.1Launch
o 2.2Undocking and fitting-out phase
 3See also
 4References
 5External links

Design[edit]
INS Vikrant during its launch in August 2013
INS Vikrant during its undocking in June 2015

INS Vikrant is the first ship of the Vikrant class of aircraft carriers. The name Vikrant (Sanskrit vikrānta, literally "stepping beyond")
means "courageous" or "bold". It is 262 metres (860 ft) long and 60 metres (200 ft) wide, and displaces about 40,000 metric tons
(39,000 long tons). It features a Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery (STOBAR)[11]configuration with a ski-jump. The deck is
designed to enable aircraft such as the MiG-29K to operate from the carrier. It is expected to carry an air group of up to thirty
aircraft, which will include up to 30 fixed-wing aircraft,[12] primarily the Mikoyan MiG-29K and the naval variant of the HAL Tejas Mark
2, besides carrying 10 Kamov Ka-31 orWestland Sea King helicopters. The Ka-31 will fulfill the airborne early warning (AEW) role
and the Sea King will provide anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability.[13][14]

A schematic diagram of INS Vikrant

Vikrant is powered by four General Electric LM2500+ gas turbines on two shafts, generating over 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) of
power. The gearboxes for the carriers were designed and supplied by Elecon Engineering.[9][15][16]

Construction[edit]
Vikrant is the first aircraft carrier to be designed by the Directorate of Naval Design of the Indian Navy and the first warship to be
built byCochin Shipyard. Its construction involved participation of a large number of private and public firms. The keel for Vikrant was
laid byDefence Minister A.K. Antony at the Cochin Shipyard on 28 February 2009.[17][18]
The AB/A grade steel which was supposed to be supplied from Russia faced problems in delivery. To resolve this, the Defence
Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL) and Steel Authority of India Limited(SAIL) created facilities to manufacture the steel in
India.[9][13]Reportedly, three types of special steel for the hull, flight deck and floor compartments were manufactured at the Bhilai
Steel Plant,Chhattisgarh and Rourkela Steel Plant, Odisha. Due to this, this is the first ship of the Indian navy to be built completely
using domestically-produced steel.[19] The main switch board, steering gear and water tight hatches have been manufactured
by Larsen and Toubro inMumbai and Talegaon; high-capacity air conditioning and refrigeration systems have been manufactured
in Kirloskar Group’s plants in Pune; most pumps have been supplied by Best and Crompton; Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL)
supplied the Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS), which is being installed by Avio, an Italian company; the gear box
was supplied by Elecon Engineering; and the electrical cables are being supplied by Nicco Industries.[20]
The ship uses modular construction, with 874 blocks joined together for the hull. By the time the keel was laid, 423 blocks weighing
over 8,000 tons had been completed.[21] The construction plan called for the carrier to be launched in 2010, when it would displace
some 20,000 tonnes, as a larger displacement could not be accommodated in the building bay. It was planned that after about a
year's development in the refit dock, the carrier would be launched when all the major components, including underwater systems,
would be in place. Outfitting would then be carried out after launch. As per theCabinet Committee on Security (CCS), sea trials were
initially planned to commence in 2013, with the ship to be commissioned in 2014.[22][23]
In March 2012, it was reported that the project had been affected by the delay in the delivery of the main gearboxes for the carrier.
The supplier, Elecon, attributed it to having to work around a number of technical complexities due to the length of the propulsion
shafts.[24]Other issues resulting in delays included an accident with a diesel generator and an issue with its alignment.[25] In August
2011, the Defence Ministry reported to the Lok Sabha that 75% of the construction work for the hull of the lead carrier had been
completed and the carrier would be first launched in December 2011, following which further works would be completed until
commissioning.[26][27] On 29 December 2011, the completed hull of the carrier was first floated out of its dry dock at CSL, with its
displacement at over 14,000 tonnes.[15] Interior works and fittings on the hull would be carried out until the second half of 2012, when
it would again be dry-docked for integration with its propulsion and power generation systems.[2][9]
In July 2012, The Times of India reported that construction of Vikrant has been delayed by three years, and the ship would be ready
for commissioning by 2017. Later, in November 2012, Indo-Anglican news channel NDTV reported that cost of the aircraft carrier
had increased and the delivery has been delayed by at least five years and is expected to be with the Indian Navy only after 2018 as
against the scheduled date of delivery of 2014.[28] Work then commenced for the next stage of construction, which included the
installation of the integrated propulsion system, the superstructure, the upper decks, the cabling, sensors and weapons.[29]

Launch[edit]
In July 2013, the Defence Minister A. K. Antony announced that Vikrant would be launched on 12 August at the Cochin Shipyard.
The ship was launched by his wife, Elizabeth Antony, on 12 August 2013.[30] Extensive sea trials are expected to begin in 2016 and
the ship will be inducted into the navy by late 2018.[31][32][33]
According to Admiral Robin Dhowan, about 83% of the fabrication work and 75% of the construction work had been completed at
the time of launching. He said that 90% of the body work of the aircraft carrier had been designed and made in India, about 50% of
the propulsion system, and about 30% of its weaponry. He also said that the ship would be equipped with a long range missile
system with multi-function radar and a close-in weapon system (CIWS).[31] After the launch,Vikrant was re-docked for the second
phase of construction, in which the ship will be fitted with various weapons and sensors, and the propulsion system, flight deck and
the aircraft complex will be integrated.[20] In December 2014 it was reported that Vikrant will be commissioned by 2018.

Undocking and fitting-out phase[edit]


Vikrant was undocked on 10 June 2015 after the completion of structural work. Cabling, piping, heat and ventilation works will be
completed by 2017; sea trials will begin thereafter.[34] By October 2015, the construction of the hull was close to 98 percent complete,
with flight deck construction underway.[35] The installation of machinery, piping and the propeller shafts was in progress by January
2016; it was reported, however, that there were delays in the delivery of equipment from Russia for the carrier's aviation complex.[36]

See also[edit]

 Future ships of the Indian Navy


 List of active Indian Navy ships

References[edit]

1. Jump up^ India, News World. "INS Vikrant Due To Be Inducted By December 2018, Says Navy
Chief Sunil Lanba".newsworldindia.in. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
2. ^ Jump up to:a b "India Floats out Its First Indigenous Aircraft Carrier". DefenceNow.com. 2
January 2012. Retrieved18 May 2015.
3. Jump up^ "List of Aircraft Carriers Under Construction: 2013". World Defense Review.
Retrieved 17 May 2015.
4. ^ Jump up to:a b c "Cochin Shipyard undockes INS Vikrant". BUSINESS STANDARD. 11 June
2015. Retrieved 12 March2016.
5. Jump up^ "Vikrant class".
6. Jump up^ "India starts working on second aircraft carrier". Defence express. 25 September
2014. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
7. Jump up^ "India's First Indigenous Aircraft Carrier - INS Vikrant".
8. Jump up^ Singh, Harmeet (12 August 2013). "India unveils home-built aircraft carrier, INS
Vikrant". CNN. Retrieved 18 May2015.
9. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Anandan, S.; Martin, K. A. (30 December 2011)."Navy floats out first
Indigenous Aircraft Carrier". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
10. ^ Jump up to:a b Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (17 June 2015). "India's indigenous carrier is floated
out". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. 52 (24): 8.
11. Jump up^ Shrivastava, Sanskar (25 August 2013). "Comparison of Chinese Aircraft Carrier
Liaoning and Indian INS Vikrant".The World Reporter. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
12. Jump up^ Ramsay, Sushil (March 2014). "Force Projection and Modernization of Indian
Navy". 9 (1). SP's Naval Forces: 4–6. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
13. ^ Jump up to:a b Anandan, S. (29 September 2008). "Keel-laying of indigenous aircraft carrier in
December". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
14. Jump up^ Simha, Rakesh Krishnan (5 December 2012)."Vikramaditya and Liaoning – forces of
the future".IndRus. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
15. ^ Jump up to:a b Vora, Rutan (26 December 2011). "Elecon to supply gears for India's first
aircraft carrier". Business Standard. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
16. Jump up^ "India starts work on second indigenous aircraft carrier".The Economic Times. 16
July 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
17. Jump up^ "Govt overhauls coastal security; gives overall charge to Navy". dnaindia.
Retrieved 7 April 2016.
18. Jump up^ "India to lay keel of new aircraft carrier on Saturday | World | RIA
Novosti". sputniknews. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
19. Jump up^ Shukla, Ajai (7 August 2013). "INS Vikrant's first victory: being built from Indian
steel". Business Standard. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
20. ^ Jump up to:a b "'Vikrant' Reborn in Indigenous Avtar". Indian Defence Review. 12 August 2013.
Retrieved 18 May 2015.
21. Jump up^ Ray, Kaylan (1 March 2009). "India joins elite warships club". Deccan Herald.
Archived from the original on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
22. Jump up^ Unnithan, Sandeep (18 February 2009). "Keel laying of indigenous aircraft carrier
next week". Indiatoday. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
23. Jump up^ Sharma, Suman (7 October 2010). "Indigenous Aircraft Carrier's nucleus
ready". Dnaindia.com. Retrieved 18 May2015.
24. Jump up^ Anandan, S. (12 March 2011). "Indigenous aircraft carrier a year behind
schedule". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 May2015.
25. Jump up^ Prasad, K.V. (3 December 2011). "INS Arihant on track".The Hindu. Retrieved 18
May 2015.
26. Jump up^ "'Indigenous aircraft carrier launch this Dec'". Zeenews. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 18
May 2015.
27. Jump up^ "First indigenous aircraft carrier to be completed by Dec: Govt". Ibnlive.in.com. 2
August 2011. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012.
28. Jump up^ Sen, Sudhi Ranjan (20 November 2012). "Indian aircraft carrier: More costly, already
delayed". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
29. Jump up^ Pandit, Rajat (16 August 2014). "PM Modi inducts India's largest indigenously built
warship INS Kolkata". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
30. Jump up^ "India launches home-built, 37,500-tonne aircraft carrier in a shot across the bow to
China". National Post. Associated Press. 12 August 2013. Archived from the original on 14
August 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2015. The 37,500 tonne INS Vikrant is expected to go for
extensive trials in 2016 before being inducted into the navy by 2018, reports say. With this, India
joins the select group of countries comprising the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia
and France capable of building such a vessel.
31. ^ Jump up to:a b Sen, Sudhi Ranjan (11 August 2013). "INS Vikrant, first Indian-made aircraft
carrier, enters water next week".NDTV. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
32. Jump up^ "India launches first indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant". Times of India. 12
August 2013. Retrieved18 May 2015.
33. Jump up^ "Handover of aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya to take place on November 16".
navyrecognition.com. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
34. Jump up^ Anandan, S. (10 June 2015). "Cochin Shipyard undocks INS Vikrant". The Hindu.
Retrieved 12 June 2015.
35. Jump up^ Gupta, Jayanta (15 October 2015). "Aircraft carrier INS Vikrant will be delivered to
Navy on time: Cochin Shipyard chief". Times of India. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
36. Jump up^ "Navy chief reviews Vikrant project". The Hindu. 17 January 2016. Retrieved 30
March 2016.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has

media related to INS

Vikrant (ship, 2013).

 Images during the launch of Vikrant

[hide]

Aircraft carriers of the Indian Navy


INS Viraat (1987-2016)
In service
INS Vikramaditya (2013- )

Under construction INS Vikrant (2013) (e.2018)

Proposed INS Vishal (e.2025)

Retired INS Vikrant (R11) (1961-1997)

Categories:

 Aircraft carriers of the Indian Navy

 Vikrant-class aircraft carriers

 2013 ships
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