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Voith Turbo Scharfenberg

GmbH & Co. KG

Gottfried-Linke-Straße 205
38239 Salzgitter-Watenstedt, Germany
Tel. +49 5341 21-02
Fax +49 5341 21-4202

Voith Turbo GmbH & Co. KG

Marktbereich Schiene
Alexanderstraße 2
89522 Heidenheim, Germany Scharfenberg Systems
Tel. +49 7321 37-4069
Fax +49 7321 37-7616

G 1712 e ak/WA 2010-09 1 000 Dimensions and illustrations without obligation. Subject to modifications.
Scharfenberg Systems

Voith Turbo Scharfenberg Systems

We are the experts in train front ends and couplers.

Voith Turbo, the specialist in hydrodynamic drive, coupling and braking systems for road,
rail and industrial applications as well as for ship propulsion systems, is a Group Division
of Voith GmbH.

Voith is one of the largest family-owned companies in Europe with approximately 39 000
employees, annual sales of € 5.1 billion in the business year 2008/2009 and over 280 locations
worldwide. The company is active in the energy, oil, gas, paper and raw materials markets,
as well as the transportation and automotive industry.

A Traditional Company
at the Cutting Edge
Voith Turbo Scharfenberg – this name stands for quality and innovation. And this
for more than a century, which is when the concept of the automatic Scharfenberg
coupler was born. Over the years, incessant technical refinements and up-to-date
technology have made the “Schaku” one of the most prominent railway coupler
systems in use all over the world, from light rail vehicles up to high speed trains.
Today, the company has also made its mark as a system supplier for complete front
end solutions, including front nose assemblies with energy absorbing components
and control modules. Recent highlight: The modular coupler head One4, offering
incomparable maintenance and repair benefits. As is our tradition, we are always
up-to-date, or even ahead of our time.

Remaining at you disposal after purchase, we

offer a vast range of technical support services
over the whole life cycle of your product. Which
can amount to 30 years and more – suitable
maintenance provided. This way, we are able to
maintain the high safety and quality standards
our products stand for.

VT 601, Hamburg Kuala Lumpur Airport Link, Malaysia Mumbai Monorail, Indien Very high speed train CRH1-380 (ZEFIRO), China

Major mile stones on the

Scharfenberg track report

Focus on couplers System supplier for front systems

1921 1957 1998 From 2002 From 2008 From 2010

Foundation of the incorporated Die Scharfenberg GmbH The Voith group takes over the System supplier for complete n New data transmission concepts, among n GALEA: Collision safe fibre composite
company “Scharfenbergkupplung becomes part of the Salzgitter Scharfenbergkupplung train front ends, including: them the wireless data transmission between vehicle heads as new energy absorp­
Aktiengesellschaft” in Berlin group of companies GmbH & Co. KG, now operating n Complete front noses couplers through near-field communication tion concept for the vehicle front
under Voith Turbo Scharfenberg n Joints (RadiConn) n CRP adapter
GmbH & Co. KG n System for automatically coupling n Inauguration of the new GRP production hall n New crash buffer
1903 1925 AAR type couplers including electric
Development of the first automatic “Schaku” Introduction of the “Schaku” at the head and air pipe connections
by Karl Scharfenberg; German “Reichspatent” rapid transit railway “Berliner S-Bahn” Ab 1987 From 2006
and the “Hamburger Hochbahn” Foundation of world-wide The type 10 Scharfenberg coupler n Modular coupler head One4
representations is declared standard coupler for n Modular adapter couplers
high speed trains n Joints with energy absorbing

4 5
Scharfenberg Couplers
Coupling Principle – Always on the Safe Side
Basic component of each automatic Scharfenberg coupler is the coupler lock.
It consists of a pivoting hooked plate, a coupling link and tension springs.
When coupling, the coupling link of one coupler and the hooked plate of the
counter coupler – and vice versa – interlock, thus forming an equilibrium of
forces. A principle that proves extremely wear-resistant while guaranteeing
maximum safety, even in most challenging situations.

Coupled Uncoupled Ready-to-couple

Tension spring

Central pivot Coupling link

Ready-to-couple position/ Coupled position Uncoupled position/Uncoupling

Locking mechanism
(only for two-position locks) Prior to the coupling process, the The couplers have been connected; When uncoupling, the hooked
Hooked plate coupling links are visible at the coupling links and hooked plates plates are turned against the force of
opening of the male cones. When are interlocked, establishing a paral- the tension springs until the coupling
coupling, the special geometry of lelogram of forces. The result is a links slide out of the hooked plate
Exploded view of a coupler head the hooked plates makes the coupler highly reliable, safe and slack-free recesses. Now the couplers can be
and coupler lock locks turn against the force of the connection which at the same time smoothly separated. The coupler
tension springs until the coupling guarantees high driving comfort and lock design allows the uncoupling
The cone and funnel shape design of the coupler links slide into the hooked plate prevents an overriding of railway of misaligned vehicles, for example
front plates establishes a rigid and slack-free con- recesses. Now the tension springs vehicles in case of an incident. on curves or hilltops, and even with
nection, thus reducing coupler play to a minimum. turn the coupler locks in the opposite vehicles under traction load. For
Combined with coupler head extensions and a direction, locking the parts safely safety reasons, the couplers can
guiding horn, this provides the couplers with a maxi- into place. only be re-coupled after the vehicles
mum possible gathering range. This way, automatic have been separated.
coupling is possible even under horizontal, vertical
or angular offset, as for example in curves or on

6 7
Scharfenberg Couplers
Schaku Basics – the Modular Design
Apart from reliability and safety aspects, flexibility and adaptability are
the main requirements a train coupler has to comply with. The modular
design of the Scharfenberg couplers and different coupler types allow
us to provide the optimum coupler for each and every application and

Coupler head module

Coupler head Electrical coupling
Muff coupling plate
Different types Method of Operation
– Mainline trainsets – Manual
Electric head Air pipe Electric head – Underground/LRV – Pneumatic
closed connections open – Tramways – Electrical
Uncoupling method Mounting arrangements
– Manual – Top mounted
– Pneumatic – Bottom mounted
– Electrical – Side mounted

Air pipe connections for

– Main reservoir pipe
– Break pipe
Drawgear module
Coupler Rubber cushion
Shock absorption device Drawgear
shank drawgear
Centring Articulation an cushioning
device unit types
– Collapsible elements
– Elastomeric rubber cushioning unit
before and behind
– Spherical bearing and friction spring
bearing bracket
– Hollow rubber springs
Guiding horn
Regenerative Centring device types
– Hydrostatic – Mechanical
Coupler head Drawgear – Gas-hydraulic – Pneumatic
– Electrical

A solution for every application. The Schaku has been broken down into separate One4 coupler head – Completely modular
assemblies. Each one – be it for the coupler head or the drawgear – is available in concept with detachable front plate and stan-
different versions. In combination, they add up to a coupler that perfectly suits its dardised electric head operating gear.
particular purpose.

Benefits of the Schaku design One4 – the new coupler head One4 concept – all modular,
and principle generation* all compatible
n Automatic coupling and uncoupling – safe Modularisation at peak level – the new modu- The One4 concept separates the coupler head
and reliable lar coupler head One4 goes along with the body from the front plate. Benefits: the coupler
n Simultaneous coupling of mechanical, existing modular approach. Radically simpli- head body was standardised, while the front plate
pneumatic and electric components fied and standardised, this coupler head reflects the characteristics of the particular cou-
n Reduced maintenance time and effort due brings enormous benefits, most notably in pler types. It is attached with a few screws only.
to minimum wear the field of maintenance and repair. A completely new approach that remains fully
n Smooth train operation compatible to existing coupler systems.

*detailed description on page 10/11

8 9
Scharfenberg Couplers
Modular Coupler Head One4 –
Revolutionising Maintenance
Up to now, a coupler head was a single, monolithic cast iron component. Heating elements One4 – Benefits at a glance
The modular coupler head concept One4 separates the front plate from The heating concept has been standardised as n Considerably reduced maintenance effort
the rest of the coupler head. Attached to the standardised coupler head well. No matter if a coupler is delivered with or n Compatible to existing coupler systems
body with screws, the benefits for maintenance and repair are monumental. without heating elements, the coupler heads are n Easy access to components inside
The One4 is available in four Schaku standard versions, covering the by default provided with corres-ponding grooves, coupler head
types 10, 35, 330 and 130. so that heating elements can easily be retrofitted n Fast replacement of electric head and
should the necessity arise. operating gear through standardised
equipment rack
n Easy replacing and retrofitting of heating
n Simplified mounting of air pipe connections
n Stainless steel front plates available for
improved corrosion protection

One4 with detached Standardised carrier of the electric head operating gear Heating element, placed
front plate (for lateral electric heads) in groove

Type 10 Type 10

Easy mounting and removal Modular electric head operating gear

It used to be necessary to replace the whole Another feature of the One4 is a simplified electric
Type 35 Type 35
coupler head. However, today, in most cases the head operating gear. A standard interface between
front plate will do. The separate front plate is coupler head and operating gear al¬lows electric
screwed to the coupler head body, making it easy heads to be fixed to the coupler head by means of
to detach and replace. And what is more: all simplified equipment racks. This guarantees fast Type 330 Type 330
components inside the coupler head are easily and easy mounting and replace¬ment of electric
accessible, eliminating the need for special tools heads and operating gear. Solutions for both lateral
and top or bottom mounted heads are available.
Type 130 Type 130
For further information refer to publication G 1989

Special Special
Types Types
Modular design of the One4:
One4 with different front plate
versions and electric head types

10 11
Coupler Shank – Energy Absorption
Made to Measure
The drawgear comprises the coupler shank and the drawgear Collapsible tube: Hydrostatic buffer:
articulation. Integrated energy absorbing components guarantee destructive energy absorption regenerative energy absorption
smooth train oper-ation and protect the vehicle in case of an impact. The collapsible tube converts impact energy The hydrostatic buffer transforms
They compensate tensile and compressive loads up to a defined value, into deformation. compressive load in a regenerative way.
while excessive loads are passed on to the car underframe. Both
Characteristics: Characteristics:
regenerative and destructive energy absorption devices are available.
n Defined release load without peak value n Linearly ascending characteristic curve
n Maximum energy absorption (rectangular n Pre-loaded system in direction of
characteristic curve) compression
n Most effective in combination with a rubber n Most effective in combination with a
cushion drawgear rubber cushion drawgear

Two in one:
Stroke the TwinStroke buffer
The TwinStroke buffer compensates both
tensile and compressive load without the
Force Force
need for any additional components. A highly
sophis­ticated system of pistons transmits
Force the tensile and compressive load to different
nitrogen and oil chambers, compensating
every load imme­diately and nearly wear-free.

Stroke Stroke Characteristics:

n Small dimensions
n Low weight
n Reduced expenses
Collapsible tube Hydrostatic buffer n Small number of wear parts

Force n High energy absorption, even in

case of changing load directions

Gas-hydraulic buffer:
regenerative energy absorption
F [kN]
In combination with a friction spring, the gas-hydrau- Force Dynamic curve

lic buffer transforms tensile and compressive loads Stroke Dynamic

in a regenerative way. An internal valve makes sure curve

that – in case of overload – the whole liquid remains

inside the buffer, so that the complete stroke is still Stroke
available. curve Static

Characteristics: Stroke
Stroke on tension Stroke on compression
n Speed-dependent response
n Pre-loaded system in both directions,
tension and compression
Gas-hydraulic buffer TwinStroke buffer
n Most effective in combination with
spherical bearing
12 13
Drawgear Articulation – Smooth in Operation The drawgear articulation connects the coupler to the car under-
frame, the cardanic movement of the coupler being ensured by
cushioning components. Depending on its purpose, the drawgear
articulation can be provided with additional energy absorbing
components for compen¬sating tensile and compressive loads.



Force-displacement curve of a Rubber cushion drawgear type 3 with supporting EFA: rectangular rubber spring articulation
rubber cushion drawgear type 3 spring – no load/maximum load with integrated anti-rotation feature

Variable cushioning effect: Bearing bracket with integrated Anti-twist solution with rectangular
The rubber cushion drawgear shock absorption feature rubber rings – EFA
The Scharfenberg rubber cushion drawgear is a The bearing bracket represents the most straight- Next of kin to the rubber rings, EFA features
bearing bracket with integrated cushioning unit. forward type of drawgear articulation: it is combined rectangular rubber elements, which automatically
Available with two or three rubber elements, the with a coupler shank and a spherical bearing in protect the coupler from rotating.
rubber cushion drawgear compensates both buff order to allow cardanic movement of the coupler.
and draft loads - in performance and weight per- Any energy absorption devices are part of the For further information refer to publication G 2043
fectly adapted to its individual applications. coupler shank assembly.

Benefits: An overload protection device offers additional

n High cushioning effect through shear stress safety. Here, a rear-mounted deformation tube with
Rubber cushion drawgear type 3 with
shear-off feature – no load/maximum load of the rubber elements defined response characteristics has been integrat-
exceeded (shear-off case) n Low-wear and maintenance-friendly design ed into the bearing bracket. If an impact exceeds
n Small dimensions the energy absorption capacities of the coupler, the
n Different sizes for various applications bearing bracket will be steadily pushed through
the deformation tube, compensating the overload.
The rubber cushion drawgear is also available However, for this purpose, the centring device
with an integrated shear-off feature. If the maxi- needs to be mechanically separated from the bear-
mum defined buff load of the rubber cushion ing bracket.
drawgear is exceeded, special screws shear off
and the coupler is guided through the bearing
bracket under the vehicle underframe.

14 15
Application Application
Standard Gauge Railway Coupler Type 10 – Full Speed Ahead Metropolitan Railway Coupler Type 35 – our Beast of Burden
The Schaku type 10 coupler can be found in nearly all public railways The type 35 coupler is particularly suitable for all-electric
all around the world, including high speed trains. Among others, it leads vehicles. It is mainly used in commuter trains, for example
the way on high speed trains in Germany (ICE 3), France (TGV), Spain those in Shanghai, Singapore or Salt Lake City.
(AVE S-102/S-103) and China. The type 10 excels in strength and rigidity
and possesses a particularly wide horizontal and vertical gathering range.
This made him first choice when it came to setting a standard for high
speed trains – since 2002 this coupler type is an inherent part of the TSI

Characteristics type 10
n Strength:
compression: 1 500 kN (up to 2 000 kN)
traction: 1 000 kN
n Complies with the U.I.C. standard for
standard gauge motor train units
n Two-position coupler lock provides
additional safety when coupling

Shanghai Pearl Line, Automatic coupler for Shanghai Pearl Line, Nanjing metro,
China China China

Characteristics type 35
n Strength:
compression: 1 300 kN
traction: 850 kN
n Guiding horn for extension
of gathering range
n Two-position coupler lock
provides additional safety
when coupling

Vlocity, high speed DMU, Australia Coupler of the high speed trains AVE S-102 and ICE 3 equipped with a type 10 coupler
AVE S-120, Spain, and ICE 3, running in Germany build One4
and the Netherlands

16 17
Application Application
Metropolitan Railway Coupler Type 330 – Versatility in Motion Urban Railway Coupler Type 430 – Low-Weight Design
The type 330 Scharfenberg coupler is mainly found in metropolitan railways and Its compact and lightweight design makes the Schaku type 430
in lightrail vehicles.This small-sized coupler offers remar¬kable strength and the an ideal coupler for low-floor urban railways and people movers.
possibility to use underlying electric heads. The extremely narrow dimensions of Designed as a foldable coupler, it can be combined with front
the tramtrain Avanto in Paris even called for a special coupler design, folding twice hatches. Amongst others, this type is used in the Berlin urban
along its longitudinal axis. Uncoupled, it is concealed behind front hatches. When railway vehicles and in the KL Rapid in Kuala Lumpur.
coupling, the hatches are automatically opened and the coupler unfolds.

Characteristics Type 430

n Strength:
compression/traction: 300 kN
n Small dimensions, low weight
n Compact design without guiding horn

Tramtrain Avanto, Guangzhou metro, Coupler for Avanto tramtrain,

Paris China folding twice

Characteristics type 330

n Strength:
compression: 800 kN
traction: 600 kN
n Particularly wide gathering range
without guiding horn

Coupler for Berlin urban Urban railway vehicle, Berlin, Citadis train, Paris,
railways, foldable Germany France

18 19
Semi-Permanent Scharfenberg Couplers
Always Safely Connected
Semi-permanent Scharfenberg couplers represent a safe and
reliable permanent connection of intermediate cars. As a standard,
the two coupler halves are connected by means of muff couplings,
so they can be easily separated, if necessary.

Semi-permanent coupler half with Semi-permanent coupler with air pipe Semi-permanent coupler,
rear-mounted deformation tube connections, electric head, energy absorbing connected with muff coupling
components and gangway support

Conception Benefits
The safety of both train and passengers requires n Rigid, slack-free connection
a perfect co-operation of all couplers within a n Parallel connection of air pipes and
train. This can only be achieved by perfectly electric heads
harmonising the characteristics of the semi- n Prevents vehicles from overriding
permanent couplers and their energy absorbing n Prevents rotational movements along
components with those of the automatic couplers. the longitudinal vehicle axis
The distri¬bution of forces over the whole train n Also available with gangway support
allows for a lean underframe design. Result:
maximum safety at reduced costs.

20 21
Joints/Adapter Couplers/Couplers for Special Purposes
Special Connections – the Right Solution
for Every Application Modular adapter couplers CRP adapter: Hi-tech towing
Adapter couplers are used to connect vehicles Adapter couplers are only needed for towing
with non-compatible coupler types or deviating or shunting trains, so they need to be fitted
Apart from automatic and semi-permanent couplers, Voith Turbo coupling levels, which often occurs when shunt- on track by the operating staff – manually, of
Scharfenberg provides a whole range of different products for a ing or towing vehicles. So far these differences course. Thus, an ideal adapter would be one
permanent connection of vehicles, such as joints or solutions for often called for special coupler designs. The that is light-weight and yet able to bear the
special purposes. Adapter couplers are used for connecting two new, modular adapter coupler breaks the coupler heavy load of a whole train.
vehicles with non-compatible couplers, while couplers used in indus- down into its integral parts – that is two coupler
trial environments need to be extremely robust and wear-resistant. heads and an adapter piece for compensating For common steel couplers used to date, the
different coupling levels, if necessary. This way, possibilities for weight reduction are virtually
adapter couplers of any coupler type combination exhausted. Here, the coupler body mainly
can be individually assembled, according to consists of carbon fibre reinforced plastics,
given requirements. a hightech material often to be found in aviation
technology. The new material performed
Special applications strongly in tests, so that – after some refining
In industrial applications as well, the Schaku and optimising – all lights are green for the
has been demonstrating its reliability and flex- lightweight adapter coupler.
ibility for many years. It makes coupling safer,
in particular shunting or automatic combining
of train sets reducing the risk of accidents and
hazards to life and health to a minimum.

The Schaku coupler types 55 and 140 designed

for heavy-load applications in rough environment
are extremely wear-resistant and maintenance
Joint Joint with energy absorbing components

Joints establish a permanent, non-detachable
connection between two vehicles. In contrast to
semi-permanent couplers, joints compensate both
horizontal and vertical loads. An anti-rolling device
provides additional stability.

Joints with energy absorbing components

This type of joint provides additional energy ab-
sorption for standard gauge railways connected
with Jacobs bogies. Our expert knowledge and
extensive experience with energy absorbing
components and deformation tubes have been
particularly useful when developing these joints.
Proven technology in a new garment, offering a
whole range of new applications. Adapter couplers can be Pivotable shunting coupler: CFRP adapter
individually assembled Schaku type 55

22 23
Electric Heads Data Transmission (also) as Upgrade
Signal Transmission – the Clever Way Ethernet Meets Coupler
Electric heads integrate the electric contacts used for transmitting How can you increase coupler performance and yet keep the effort and expenses at
control signals and feeding train information or entertainment a moderate level? This question becomes even more interesting when it comes to
systems. Apart from control and line current, the electric contacts upgrades. Here, the two systems RadiConn and TLM (Train Line Modem) developed
can also transmit bus and video signals, up to Fast Ethernet. by Voith Turbo Scharfenberg close a gap. Data are transmitted through Ethernet
Uncoupled, a cover protects the contacts from any ingress of dirt supporting a data rate of 100 Mbit/s. The wireless RadiConn system, which was
and water. Standardised electric head boxes and interfaces allow developed to minimise failure and maintenance caused by dirt, even works without
fast and easy assembly and guarantee an optimum operation of electric head. In contrast, the TLM needs an electric head to be fitted into, but uses
all components. the existing lines and contacts. These two systems offer simple and cost-effective
solutions for all kinds of applications.

Ethernet Ethernet
(CAT5) (CAT5)
Train Line Train Line
Modem Modem
UBat UBat

NF-Communication (ELA, UIC) NF-Communication (ELA, UIC)

Databus (WTB) Databus (WTB)
Train control signals (Safety) Train control signals (Safety)

The three standard Two coupled Schakus with Coupler with lateral electric heads, RadiConn, coupled and uncoupled TLM system architecture and function
casing types lateral electric heads covers open (detailed view from below)

Casing variants Interfaces Wireless data transmission: RadiConn Cost-effective upgrade: TLM
Depending on the number of contacts required Standardised interfaces like guiding rods, the lid The RadiConn system consists of an electronic The TLM system requires an electric head with a
and on the position of the electric head(s), differ- control mechanism, the earthing and the interface box and a radio coupler pin per mechanical cou- shielded pair of contacts, but the lines keep their
ent standard casing types are available; two for between electric head and electric head operating pler. The pin is located at the train front, while the original function. It uses a modulation technique to
lateral arrangement and one for top or bottom gear guarantee an optimum combination and electronic box is fitted to the vehicle underframe. merge/separate the signals in front of the coupling
mounted electric heads. The standard modules functionality of all components. The two radio coupler pins face each other at a plane.
include the contact block with contacts, the distance of some millimeters, and exchange the
cables and the hand plug. Contacts are easily Contacts data without any physical contact. The electronic This kind of Ethernet connection requires neither
replaceable from the front, cables can be con- Signal, bus and power contacts allow for fast box provides the Ethernet connections for the special contacts nor technical modifications, it
nected by means of crimp or screw connection, and reliable transmission of all kind of data. wired LAN of the train. An existing electric head uses existing male/female or fixed/mobile con-
or come as a plug-in version. The connection may be used for this system, however it is not tacts. This makes the TLM an ideal solution for
to the vehicle is estab-lished by means of hand QuatConn required. The robust radio coupler pin (protection cost-effective upgrades.
plugs – fast and easy. The QuatConn is a 4-pole male/female Ethernet class IP68) may as well be fitted directly to the
connector allowing for a number of concepts. mechanical structure of the coupler. For further information refer to publications
For further information refer to publications G 2044 und G 2120
Data rates up to 100 Mbit/s@100Base-TX make
G 2158 and G 2159
it an ideal choice for infotainment systems and
TCMS (Train Control Management Systems).

24 25
Systems Engineering
Always in Front – One Stop Shopping for System Solutions
It is a long time since “Schaku” was associated with couplers only.
Today, as a system supplier for front end solutions, we provide train
manufacturers all over the world with impact protection systems,
flexible spoilers, front hatches and energy absorbing components,
up to complete front noses including control electronics.

KTX II. Voith Turbo Scharfenberg contributed a system Localisation on a grand scale: due to their huge order India‘s first monorail in Mumbai (Bombay) features Operating at a speed of 380 km/h, the Chinese very
comprising front nose, type 10 automatic coupler and quantities, a great part of the front end systems of the a complete Voith Turbo Scharfenberg front end high speed train CRH1-380 (ZEFIRO) will be the fastest
control unit. Comprehensive involvement already in the CRH3 family was produced in China. The high quality system including driver’s console. At a height of commercially operated train. Just like the speed, the
early design phase of the train allowed all components of the systems was obtained by exact calculations 8 m, the automated train operates with rubber tyres dimensions of the front end system are in line for record,
to be perfectly harmonised. This resulted in simple and tests preceding the design phase as well as on a mono track made of concrete. Integrated safety which makes high demands on strength, safety, aero­
interfaces and perfect aerodynamic characteristics, at know-how transfer through training and qualified sup- feature: the energy absorption system has been dynamics and aeroacoustics.
the same time allowing fast assembly and maintenance. port during production. designed to completely absorb head-on impacts up
to 17 km/h. This is exactly the speed allowed for
manual operation.

In addition to good functionality, what counts for Hidden values Benefits of the system approach
product development are aspects of assembly Front hatches offer a whole range of benefits, n Perfectly harmonised components providing
and maintenance, as well as good handling. In protecting other traffic participants or passers-by maximum possible safety
our case, standardised interfaces and modular from injury and damage, while at the same time n Standardised interfaces
design of components allow for an easy replace- preventing the coupler from being effected by n Modular design allows components to be
ment of parts, thus simplifying maintenance and dirt and water. Uncoupled, the folded or retracted easily maintained and replaced
reducing downtimes to a minimum. Furthermore, coupler is concealed behind the closed front n Minimised down-times for maintenance and
the components can be optimally combined and hatches and no longer protrudes from the front. repair operations
adapted to different requirements and applica- This way, perfect aerodynamic characteristics
tions. This way Voith Turbo Scharfenberg pro­ are obtained, a decisive factor in high speed appli- For further information refer to publication G 1711
ducts enhance train safety and provide the best cations. When coupling, the front hatch is auto-
possible protection for both passengers and matically opened, and the coupler is extended.
trains, even in case of an impact.

26 27
CAE – Computer Aided Engineering
FEM and MBS – our Experts at Work

From the very beginning, our development and design processes are accompanied Crash worthiness analysis Conclusion
by and based on FEM (Finite Element Modelling) and MBS (Multi Body Simulation). One of the most advanced technological aids for In combination with our long years of experi-
Our programmes help to assess the responses of component structures to static or the analysis of highly dynamic processes – as ence, the use of these high-end calculation and
dynamic load and to calculate strength properties and crash worthiness aspects. they occur in crash situations – is the explicit FEM simu-lation programmes enables us to provide
This helps us detect risks and optimise component dimensions and behaviour in early programme LS-DYNA 3D. We use this software to the cus¬tomer with perfectly harmonised
stages of development. This way, development costs and expensive and time con- calculate the energy distribution and properties of systems, specific to his requirements. Systems
suming test procedures can be minimised. When it came to developing our new front our energy absorbing components. Optimised on offering maximum safety at minimum weight.
end systems, as an example, this approach helped us to considerably accelerate the the basis of the results obtained, the components
whole process. All this with the clear conscience of providing the best possible comply with the highest safety standards.
solutions in terms of both quality and safety.

Components and vehicle Strength calculations

dynamics simulations Together with international regulations, the re-
The MBS software SIMPACK enables us to sults obtained from the vehicle dynamics simu-
calculate the strength distribution in the course of lations form the basis of strength calculations
dynamic processes, from individual coupler parts and component dimensioning. Using the ANSYS
up to complete train sets. This way, the interac- software, we calculate displacements and stress
tionbetween train and coupler components can and strain distributions within a component
be evaluated. As a result, a perfect combination under load conditions. The results of these cal-
of components can be obtained, offering the best culations are then used for evaluating the static
possible values and characteristics with regard and cyclic strength values. This helps us to
tothe application concerned. develop perfectly dimensioned components with
optimised weight and strength characteristics.

Strength calculation sequence. Meshing – breaking the Load modelling – defining Result – evaluating the
Loading the CAE model, here a model down into finite the load distribution by setting stress characteristics
One4 coupler head elements key points

We offer
n S trength calculations and weight
Energy [mJ] (E+9)

n Crash worthiness analyses and

0.2 development of crash concepts

n Components and vehicle dynamics
0 0.005 0.01 0.015 0.02
simulations from individual compo-
Time [s] nents up to complete train sets
Kinetic Energy Total Energy
Internal Energy Sliding Energy

Crash worthiness analysis of a newly Stress distribution Energy balance

developed joint with energy absorbing after 0.05 sec.
components – LS-DYNA 3D model

28 29
After Sales
Schaku Competence Centre – Wherever You Need Us

The Scharfenberg Competence Centre unites classical after sales Overhaul – maximum safety at Repairs – as individual as
service, repair and spare parts management under one umbrella. minimum costs your coupler
We have the ambition to offer our customers qualified support for Trains and couplers are extremely durable goods. The multiple traction operation of your train highly
all phases of coupler life, from commissioning via professional ope­ Their regular overhaul and constant enhance- depends on a perfect functioning of the couplers.
ration up to optimum maintenance and repair. Service facilities can ment guarantees maximum safety at minimum However, in the course of its lifetime, its exposed
be found at our Salzgitter headquarters in Germany as well as in costs. However, since couplers are designed position makes the coupler prone to damage,
our subsidiaries and representations all over the world. Our skilled project specifically, you will hardly find two pro­ be it through mishandling or accidents. A quick and
service staff is at hand when- and wherever you need them. jects that are alike. Our knowledge and experi- professional repair will get your train back on track
ence help us find the best solutions for the as fast as can be.
individual couplers when it comes to mainte-
nance, overhaul or upgrades. Upgrades
Technical consulting Parts management Mobility and flexibility have become a matter
Voith Turbo Scharfenberg takes care of a number An optimum utilisation of your trains depends of course in our modern society. The increased
of projects world-wide. In these projects we are both on the reliability of the automatic couplers worldwide demand for mobility cannot be handled
approached with all kinds of requirements, ques- and on the availability of parts. Voith Turbo with new products alone. Upgrade and retrofit
tions and improvement requests, and together Scharfenberg as the leading system provider of trains already in operation are solutions to
with our customer we try to work out the best offers you technically mature products of the enhance both their service life and availability.
possible individual solution. This continuous highest quality. Make use of our long years of
feed­back helps us build up our knowledge and experience as a coupler and front end system For further information refer to publication G 1774
act faster and more flexible. And we are happy manufacturer, and together let us optimise the
to share our competence with you. availability of your spare parts.

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