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saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi II Tema. saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde §1.
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi II Tema. saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde §1.
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
II Tema. saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
§1. qarTlis samefo IV-V saukuneebSi
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
qarTlis samefo IV-V saukuneebSi
298 wlis nizibinis zaviT
romma garkveuli upirateso-
ba moi pova sparseTze, _ ganmt-
kicda misi politikuri gavlena
amierkavkasiis qveynebze. saomari
moqmedebebis Sewyveta Tavis sa-
sargeblod gamoiyena sparseTmac.
metoqesTan momavali brZolebis
sawarmoeblad da dakarguli
teritoriebis kvlav SemoerTebis
mizniT gatarda mTeli rigi
RonisZiebebi, ramac ganamtkica
qveynis Tavdacvisunarianoba da samxedro Zliereba.
sparseTi ver egueboda marcxs da zavis vadis amowurvamde, 338 wels,
Sahma Sabur II-m romis winaaRmdeg omi ganaaxla. omi or frontze war-
moebda, _ SuamdinareTsa da amierkavkasiaSi, xanmokle SesvenebebiT da
ocdaxuT wels gagrZelda.
meomari mxareebis warmateba damokidebuli iyo amierkavkasieli
xalxebis mxardaWeraze. maTi mimxrobiT, jarisa da cixe-simagreebis
gamoyenebiT, Znelad gasavleli adgilebis dauflebiT da, agreTve, adgi-
lobrivi mosaxleobis mxridan jaris sursaTiT momaragebiT isini meto-
qesTan SedarebiT seriozul upiratesobas moi povebdnen.
amierkavkasiis saxelmwifoebs ki romsa da sparseTs Soris dapirisp-
irebis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT araerTgvarovani pozicia hqondaT. al-
baneTi, sparseTTan siaxlovisa da misi samxedro-politikuri zewolis
gamo, sparseTis mxares ibrZoda. iberiis samefos ki, romelic romis impe-
rias formalurad eqvemdebareboda da mis samxedro mokavSired iTvleboda,
neitraluri pozicia ekava.
kiTxvebi
1. Seni azriT, ra ganapirobebda qarTlis samefos neitralur pozicias?
2. ramdenad momgebianad Tvli arsebul viTarebaSi qarTlis neitralitets?
saboloo jamSi, omi sparseTis gamarjvebiT dasrulda. imperatori
ivliane brZolis velze sasikvdilod daiWra. 363 wels daido axali, 30
wliani zavi. zavis pirobebi romisTvis sakmaod mZime aRmoCnda.
wyaro 1
`isini iranelebs ubrunebdnen xuT provincias da uTmobdnen qalaqebs
nizibinsa da singaras. amasTan pirobas debdnen, rom ar Caereodnen somxeTis
saqmeebSi da daxmarebas ar gauwevdnen Tavis yofil qveSevrdomsa da mokav-
Sire somxebs iranelebTan brZolaSi. zavis pirobebSi iberiaze laparaki ar
yofila. Cans, misi politikuri statusi ucvlelad rCeboda~.
l. janaSia.
kiTxvebi
rogor fiqrob, iqoniebda Tu ara gavlenas zavis pirobebi qarTlis same-
fos sagareo politikur mdgomareobaze?
1.
2.
Seni azriT, rogor isargeblebda sparseTi bizantiasTan miRweuli SeTanx-
mebiT?
57

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

sparseTma zavis pirobebiT isargebla da somxeTSi SeiWra. somxeTi romisagan daxmarebas ve- Rar miiRebda. Zlieri mokavSiris
sparseTma zavis pirobebiT isargebla da somxeTSi SeiWra. somxeTi romisagan daxmarebas ve-
Rar miiRebda. Zlieri mokavSiris gareSe darCenili somxeTis mdgomareobas isic arTulebda,rom
adgilobrivi warCinebulebis (`naxararebi~) nawili sparseTis waqezebiT mefe arSak II-s ganudga,
_ `man Tavs uSvela maTgan kavkasiis mxareSi qarTvelTa daxmarebiT~.
wyaro 2
`arSaki dabrunda qarTlis jariT, Seagrova agreTve mcireodenni Tavisi erTgulni da See-
brZola naxararebs Tavisi qalaqis arSakavanis dangrevisaTvis Suris saZieblad~.
movses xorenaci, somexi istorikosi.
somxeTisaTvis brZola sparseTis gamarjvebiT dasrulda. amas mohyva qarTlze sparselebis
gamolaSqreba.
wyaro 3
sparselebma qarTlidan gaaZeves mefe saurmagi, `romelic romaelTa SemweobiT ganagebda ibe-
rias, da am xalxis gamgebloba vinme asfarugs gadasca; Tanac gvirgvini daadga, raTa Cveni gadaw-
yvetilebisaTvis Seuracxyofa mieyenebina~
amiane marceline, romaeli istorikosi.
davaleba 1
imsjele im faqtorebze, romlebmac sparseTs gauadvila qarTlis daqvemdebareba da teqstisa da
wyaro 3-isa da 4-is mixedviT daazuste movlenebis Tanmimdevroba.
romsa da sparseTs Soris amierkavkasiaSi politikuri batonobisaTvis brZola amiT ar
dasrulebula. maTi warmatebebi aramyari iyo, rasac, pirvel rigSi, TavisuflebisaTvis ad-
gilobrivi xalxebis Tavdauzogavi brZola ganapirobebda.
iberiaSi sparselTa mmarTveloba didxans ar gagrZelebula. romaelTa mxardaWeriT mefe
saurmagi brZolas aaxlebs maT winaaRmdeg. gadamwyveti upiratesoba verc amJamad moi pova
romelime mxarem. zavis mixedviT, qarTlis samefo orad unda gayofiliyo, _ asfarugis
samkvidro kvlav sparseTis uzenaesobas cnobda, saurmagis xelaxali gamefebiT ki qarTlis
nawili romaelTa gavlenis sferoSi eqceoda.
wyaro 4
`
(imperatori)
daTanxmda iberiis gayofas ise, rom sazRvrad SuaSi mdinare kirosi (mtkvari)
dadebuliyo da savromaks (saurmags) armeniisa da lazebis mosaRvre mxare rgeboda, asfarugs _
albaniisa da sparselebis momijnave~
amiane marcelini.
davaleba 2
rukis (sur. 2.2.1.1.) da wyaros 5-is mixedviT daadgine da amowere or nawilad gayofili qarTlis
sasazRvro punqtebi da mezobeli qveynebi.
V saukunis dasawyisSi sparseTis batonobis winaaRmdeg brZolebi kvlav ganaxlda. qarT-
lis samefos gaZlierebas sxva mowinaaRmdegec gamouCnda. es iyo aRmosavleT romis imperia,
romelic bizantiis saxeliTaa cnobili.
wyaro 5
mefe mirdati `mter eqmna berZenTa da sparsTa. berZenTagan eZiebda klarjeTs, sazRvarsa qar-
Tlisasa, xolo sparseTs ara miscemda xarksa~.
`qarTlis cxovreba~.
wyaro 6
`politikurad qarTuli qveynebi warmoadgendnen Semdeg suraTs: aRmosavleT saqarTvelo da
samxreT saqarTvelos nawili vidre klarjeTamdis Seadgendnen qarTlis samefos, romelic spar-
seTis monarqiis damokidebulebaSi imyofeboda da uSualod emorCileboda sparseTis CrdiloeTi
provinciebis did marzpans anu mmarTvels klarjeTi da misi mimdebare qveynebi Woroxis xeobaSi
aRmosavleT romis (bizantiis) imperiis uSualo gamgeblobaSi imyofeboda. aRm. romis imperiis
aseve uSualo mmarTvelobaSi imyofeboda megruli (Wanuri da sxv.) qveynebi ~
s. kakabaZe.
58
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
qristianoba da saqarTvelo
qarTlis samefo IV-V saukuneebSi
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi wyaro 7 ` bizantia mitacebul qarTul miwebs swrafad rTavda imperiis
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
wyaro 7
` bizantia mitacebul qarTul miwebs swrafad rTavda imperiis sisxlsavse cxovrebaSi da
swrafadve kulturulad `aberZnebda~ qarTvel mosaxleobas. Tuki qarTvelebs sparselTa winaaR-
mdeg farad hqondaT qristianuli sarwmunoeba, berZnuli asimilaciisgan qarTvelebs araferi ar
ifaravda. miuxedavad amisa, radganac saqarTvelos didi umTavresi nawili sparsTa gavlenis qveS
imyofeboda, mTavari safrTxe mainc sparseTisgan modioda~.
a. jafariZe.
davaleba 3
wyaroebis 5-is, 6-isa da 7-is mixedviT imsjele bizantiisa da sparseTis politikur intere-
sebze qarTlis samefos mimarT.
1.
2.
imsjele, Tu rogor aisaxa bizantia-sparseTis urTierTobebi qarTlis samefos politikur
mdgomareobaze.
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
qarTlis samefo IV-V saukuneebSi
sparseTi qarTlze Tavisi gavlenis ganmtkicebas religiuri niSniTac cdilobda. qris-
tianobas saqarTvelosTvis, sarwmunoebrivTan erTad, politikuri mniSvnelobac hqonda.
gaqristianebiT qarTlis samefos kavSiri romis, SemdegSi bizantiis, imperiasTan kidev ufro
mtkicdeboda, rac sparseTis politikuri da kulturuli (religiurTan erTad) gavlenis
Sesustebasac moaswavebda. amierkavkasiis qveynebze batonobis gasamyareblad sparseTi cdi-
lobda maTSi mazdeanobis gavrcelebas.
wyaro 8
`sparseTis gavlenasa da batonobas somxeTsa da iberiaSi qristianoba uSlida xels amis
gamo sparseTis mTavroba sul imis sagonebelSi iyo, rom qarTvelTa, somexTa da albanelTaTvis
sarwmunoeba Seecvala. winaT, roca am samTave xalxSi cecxlTayvanismcemloba gavrcelebuli
iyo, sparseTTan maT sarwmunoebrivi kavSiri hqondaT da axlac sparseTis Sahin-Sahi da mTavroba
mowadinebuli iyo, rom kavkasiaSi rogorme mazdeanoba saxelmwifo sarwmunoebad gaexada~.
iv. javaxiSvili.
wyaro 12
`am miznis misaRwevad iranelebma gadaw-
yvites am qveynebis izolacia arairanuli
samyarosagan, maTi kulturis mospoba da
mosaxleobis sruli asimilacia. irane-
lebs kargad hqondaT mofiqrebuli samo-
qmedo gegma, romelsac didi Tanamimdev-
robiTa da SeupovrobiT axorcielebdnen
Tavdapirvelad SemoiRes metad samZimo
samxedro begara, romelsac mohyva axali
sagadasaxado sistema. Semdeg iranelebi
apirebdnen amierkavkasiis qveynebSi yovel-
sur. 2.2.1.2. amierkavkasiis saxelmwifoebi (albaneTi).
gvari Sinagani politikuri damoukide-
blobis likvidacias da qristianuli religiis mazdeanuriT Secvlas
unda daexuraT eklesiebi gaerekaT mTeli qristianuli samRvdeloeba da samudamod aR-
moefxvraT qristianoba amierkavkasiaSi. mogvebs unda gaexsnaT skolebi da mazdeanoba eswavlebinaT
ara marto didebulTa aramed ubralo mdabiurTaTvisac. unda gaevrcelebinaT, agreTve, iranuli
wes-Cveulebanic, magaliTad, qorwinebis, dasaflavebisa da sxv.
raTa warmodgena viqonioT, Tu raoden masStaburad tardeboda es RonisZieba, sakmarisia aRin-
iSnos, rom mxolod somxebs Svidasze meti mogvi mihyveboda~.
l. janaSia.
davaleba 4
wyaro 8-isa da 9-is mixedviT daaxasiaTe sparseTis religiuri da kulturuli politika am-
ierkavkasiis xalxebis mimarT.
1.
2.
imsjele sparseTis religiur-kulturuli eqspansiis mosalodnel Sedegebze amierkavkasiis
qveynebisaTvis.
59

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

dasaxuli miznis misaRwevad sparseTi kargad iyenebda qveynebs SigniT arsebul winaaRmde- gobebs _ dapirispirebas mefis xelisuflebasa da msxvil miwaTmflobelTa nawils Soris. mefe sakuTari xelisuflebis ganmtkicebisTvis ibrZoda da am amocanis ganxorcielebas ga- Zlierebuli mTavrebis Zalauflebis SekveciT, maTi damorCilebiT cdilobda. warCinebulTa nawili ki sakuTari privilegiebisa da SeuzRudveli Zalauflebis SenarCunebas eswrafoda da mefis xelisuflebis dasustebiT dainteresebul sparseTs zogjer mokavSireobasac uw- evda. warCinebulTa umravlesoba mxolod piradi interesebiT rodi moqmedebda, _ maT kargad esmodaT qveynis erTianobis mniSvneloba Tavisuflebisa da TviTmyofadobis SenarCunebisaTvis brZolaSi, amitom maTi umravlesoba bolomde erTgulebda sakuTar samSoblos da qveynis Ta- visuflebisaTvis brZolaSi aqtiur monawileobas iRebda.

qarTlis samefo IV-V saukuneebSi

qarTlis samefo IV-V saukuneebSi 1. 2.

1.

2.

wyaro 10 `roca zogi aznauri gamdidrda da gaZlierda, mas ukve mefis morCileba aRar surda. garda

wyaro 10

`roca zogi aznauri gamdidrda da gaZlierda, mas ukve mefis morCileba aRar surda. garda amisa, aznaurebs mefisagan mamulebi hqondaT miRebuli samsaxuris pirobiT. mefe am mamulebs Tavis sakuTrebad Tvlida. aznaurebs ki maTi daTmoba enanebodaT da sabolood miCemeba surdaT. gaCaRda brZola mefesa da did aznaur-mTavrebs Soris. amiT isargebles sparselebma, mefis ukmayofilo aznaurebTan kavSiri gaabes da isini Tavis mxareze gadaibires~.

s. janaSia.

qarTvel warCinebulTa am nawilisgan sparseTis `erTguleba~ iseTive droebiTi movlena iyo, rogorc maTi batonoba saqarTveloze.

wyaro 11

`esreT ra ucalo iqmnes sparsni, maSin SeiTqunes yovelni erisTavni qarTlisani da warg- zavnes mociquli winaSe berZenTa mefisa da iTxoves, raTa iyvnen erisTavni igi Tuis-Tuissa saerisTaosa Seucvlelad~.

`qarTlis cxovreba~.

davaleba 5 wyaro 10-isa da 11-is mixedviT daaxasiaTe sparseTis socialuri politika amierkavkasiis qvey- nebis mimarT.

davaleba 5

wyaro 10-isa da 11-is mixedviT daaxasiaTe sparseTis socialuri politika amierkavkasiis qvey- nebis mimarT.

imsjele, ra socialuri faqtori Seuwyobda xels qarTlSi sparseTis politikuri interesebis

gatarebas.

adgilobrivi didaznaurebis mimxrobiT sparseTma 428 wels SeZlo somxeTSi mefobis gauqmeba, rac, faqtiurad, qveynis damoukideblobis dakargvas niSnavda. 463 wels igive bedi gaiziara albaneTis samefomac. amierkavkasieli xalxebisaTvis gansakuTrebiT mZime iyo sparseTis mier dakisrebuli samxedro begara _ Sahis moTxovniT mravalricxovani jaris gamoyvana Soreuli laSqro- bebisaTvis. aseTi politikiT sparseTi zrdida sakuTar samxedro SesaZleblobebs da sxva qveynebis dapyrobiT ifarToebda samflobelos, amave dros asustebda misdami daqvemdebare- buli qveynebis Tavdacvisunarianobas. dakisrebuli xarkis sidide ki mosaxleobis ekonomikur gaRatakebas iwvevda.

wyaro 12

`TviTonac didad ukvirdaT saidan modis mTeli es ganZi, an rogor aris kidev es qveyana Senebulio~

eliSe, V saukunis somexi istorikosi.

damoukidebeli samuSao

Seajame, ra Sedegebi gamoiRo sparseTis mmarTvelobam qarTlis samefoSi da zogadad amierka- vkasiis qveynebSi.

ganmartebebi

neitraluri _

ganmartebebi neitraluri _ iseTi (qveyana, teritoria), sadac saerTaSoriso SeTanxmebiT ar SeiZleba omis warmoeba, samxedro

iseTi (qveyana, teritoria), sadac saerTaSoriso SeTanxmebiT ar SeiZleba omis

warmoeba, samxedro Zalebis ganlageba; vinc ar emxroba arc erT mxares brZolaSi.

berZenTa

_ aq:, igivea rac bizantielTa.

60

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi §2. vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba vaxtang gorgaslis gamefebis TariRi dRemde dauzustebelia.
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
§2. vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba
vaxtang gorgaslis gamefebis TariRi dRemde dauzustebelia. qarTuli saistorio
wyaroebi `moqcevai qarTlisai~ da, gansakuTrebiT, juanSeris `cxovreba vaxtang gorgaslisa~,
marTalia, bevr saintereso cnobas gvawvdis vaxtangis mefobisa da im drois saqarTvelos
politikuri da kulturuli mdgomareobis Sesaxeb, magram qarTvel istorikosTa azriT,
maTSi gadmocemuli ambebi zogjer istoriul sinamdvilesTan Seusabamoa, rig SemTxvevebSi ki,
vaxtangis mefobis zRaprul aRwerilobas gvTavazoben.
istorikosTa umravlesoba vaxtangis gamefebis savaraudo TariRad V saukunis 40-iani
wlebis miwuruls asaxelebs. gaziarebulia is azric, rom gamefebisas vaxtangi mcirewlovani
iyo _ wyaroebis mixedviT Svidi wlis.
kiTxva
1. Seni azriT, riT SeiZleba aixsnas istorikosTa mier cnobebis gazviadeba?
es sainteresoa:
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba
mefis mcirewlovanobis dros saxelmwifos vaxtangis deda _ sagduxti
ganagebda. Zveli qarTuli wyaroebis mixedviT, is warmoSobiT sparseli,
sparseTis CrdiloeTis provinciebis didi marzpanis Svili iyo. did marzpans
emorCileboda qarTlis samefoc da, rogorc Cans, Tavis droze sagduxtisa da
qarTlis mefis mirdatis qorwinebas politikuri xasiaTi hqonda. wyaroebis
mixedviT, sagduxti qarTlis Rirseuli dedofalia. man qarTuli ena da wes-
Cveulebebi swrafad Seiswavla da qristianobac aRiara. didia misi damsaxureba
qarTlSi samefo xelisuflebis SenarCunebis saqmeSi. sagduxti mefe mirdatis
gardacvalebisTanave eaxla mamas _ did marzpans, Seavedra mcirewlovani
vaxtangi da gamoiTxova misi gamefebis nebarTva.
sur. 2.2.2.1.
vaxtang gorgasali.
rogorc viciT, V saukunis Sua wlebSi qarTlis samefo sparseTis eqspansiis realuri
saSiSroebis winaSe idga. samefo kari iZulebuli iyo Tavi sparseTis qveSevrdomad gamoecxadebina,
eZlia misTvis xarki da, saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, mas samxedro ZaliTac daxmareboda.
arc qveynis SigniT iyo saxarbielo mdgomareoba. sparseTi mefis mowinaaRmdege
warCinebulebis gadabirebas cdilobda da sanacvlod maT xalSeuxeblobasa da did wyalobas
hpirdeboda. moxerxebuli di plomatiiT aRwevda kidec sawadels da romelime msxvil
xelisufals mainc aumxedrebda xolme mefes.
sparseTis mxardaWeriT gandidebuli aseTi xelisufalia qvemo
qarTlis pitiaxSi varsqeni, romelic Sahis ndobisa da mxardaWeris
mosapoveblad uaryofs qristianobas da gamazdeanebuli, sparseTis
daxmarebiT daimedebuli, aSkarad upirispirdeba mefes.
wyaro 1
sur. 2.2.2.2. SuSaniki.
` varsqenisa da SuSanikis damokidebuleba Sors gascda ojaxuri
dramis farglebs da didi sazogadoebrivi da saxelmwifoebrivi
mniSvneloba miiRo. miuxedavad amisa, varsqeni aravis ar erideba: scems
Tavis Zmas jojiks, romelic gamoeqomaga SuSaniks, joxs daartyams erT
xucess; TviT umaRlesi samRvdeloebac ki erideba pitiaxSis risxvas
amrigad, varsqenis risxvisagan SuSaniki ver daufaravs verc qarTul
eklesias, verc qarTlis aznaurobas da, miT umetes, verc xalxs _ `wvril
ers~.
damaxasiaTebelia, rom `SuSanikis wamebaSi~ erTxelac ar ixsenieba qarTlis mefe. TviT
TariRis aRniSvnis drosac iranis mefea moxseniebuli ~
l. janaSia.
igive iTqmis bolnisis sionis warweris (V s. 90-iani wlebi) Sesaxebac. sapitiaxSos
teritoriaze am taZris ageba daTariRebulia sparseTis Sahis, perozis, zeobis wlebis
mixedviT.
61
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi davaleba 1 1. riT aixsneba is faqti, rom `SuSanikis wamebasa~
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
davaleba 1
1. riT aixsneba is faqti, rom `SuSanikis wamebasa~ da
bolnisis sionis warweraSi araa moxseniebuli vaxtang
gorgasali, xolo movlenebi ki daTariRebulia sparseTis
Sahis zeobis wlebiT.
2. gansazRvre da Seafase varsqen pitiaxSis roli sparseTisa
da qarTlis dapirispirebaSi.
3. imsjele im Sedegebze, rac sparseTis socialurma
politikam gamoiRo.
sur. 2.2.2.3. bolnisis sioni.
qveynis TavisuflebisaTvis brZola mxolod xalxis erTianobisa da saxelmwifos
simtkicis pirobebSi gamoiRebda sasurvel Sedegs. amitomac mefem upirveles miznad Sida
winaaRmdegobebis daZleva daisaxa.
wyaro 2
`gorgaslis epoqis Tanadrouli bizantiuri da somxuri wyaroebis analizis safuZvelze
leonti mrovelis mowmoba Seesabameba sinamdviles
rom qarTlis mefem vaxtang gorgasalma
namdvilad gaaerTiana dasavleT da aRmosavleT saqarTvelo V saukunis 60-70-ian wlebSi ~.
d. musxeliSvili.
vaxtang gorgasals ara mxolod saero pirebi upirispirdebodnen, aramed maRali
samRvdeloebis warmomadgenlebic. maT xelmZRvanelobda mTavarepiskoposi miqaeli.
wyaro 3
`
mTavar episkoposi iyo miqael da man miamTxvia (aukra) ferxi pirsa mefisasa vaxtangs. xolo
mefeman waravlinna mociqulni saberZneTs da iTxova mefisagan da patriarqisagan kaTalikozi.
xolo man mosca petre kaTalikozi. da Tana hyvanda mas samoel monazoni, wmindai da Rirsi. da
aRaSena qvemoi eklesiai vaxtang mefeman. da dasua petre kaTalikozi~.
`moqcevai qarTlisai~.
mefesa da mTavarepiskoposs Soris momxdari incindentis mizezebs istorikosebi ara-
erTgvarovnad xsnian. erTiani azris ararseboba wyaroTa cnobebis simwiriTacaa ganpi-
robebuli.
wyaro 4
`episkoposebad am dros ukve warCinebulebs, aznaurebs vxedavT. am episkoposebs axla Tavisi mefe
iseve moZulebuli hyavdaT,rogorc mTavrebsa da sxva did aznaurebs. eklesias V saukuneSi ukve didi
mamulebi hqonda. am mamulebis gamo qarTlis mefesa da samRvdeloebas Soris iseTive brZola gaCaRda,
rogoric mefesa da sxva did aznaurebs Soris iyo. amitom dauaxlovdnen erTmaneTs sparselebi da
qarTlis samRvdeloeba. TandaTan qarTlis mTavarepiskoposi da episkoposebis umravlesoba sparseTis
mxares gadavida iseve, rogorc mezobel somxeTSi. samagierod sparselebi Tavis momxre episkoposebs
uxvad ajildoebdnen. iyo iseTi SemTxvevac, roca qarTlis mTavarepiskoposi erisTavadac ki iyo
daniSnuli sparselebis mier. ase daiwyo qarTlis mTavrebisa da episkoposebis brZola sparseTTan
xelixel CakidebiT qarTlis mefis winaaRmdeg~.
s. janaSia.
wyaro 5
`is garemoeba, rom dakrulva da eklesiidan gaZeveba (miqaelisagan) mefis garda spasac ewia
imis momaswavebeli unda iyos, rom uTanxmoeba maSin marto mefis moqmedebis gamo ki ar unda iyos
Camovardnili, aramed spas, e. i. maRal samxedro wres da raindobasac edeboda brali. maSasadame,
vaxtang gorgaslis gegma da moqmedeba marto misi piradi ganzraxva ar unda yofiliyo, aramed, am
mowinave samxedro wrisac.
amgvarad irkveva, kaTalikosobis dawesebasa da axal episkoposTa daniSvnasTan dakavSirebul
uTanxmoebaSi or mopirdapire banakTan unda gvqondes saqme. erTi mxriv yofila vaxtangi, `spa~
da petre da samuel episkoposebi danarCeni 12 saepiskopozo piriTurT, meore mxriT, miqael
mTavarepiskopozi Tavisi TanamoazreebiTurT~.
iv. javaxiSvili.
62
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

davaleba 2 wyaro 4-isa da 5-is safuZvelze gansazRvre da Camoayalibe is savaraudo mizezebi, romelTac mefesa
davaleba 2
wyaro 4-isa da 5-is safuZvelze gansazRvre da Camoayalibe is savaraudo mizezebi, romelTac
mefesa da mTavarepiskoposs Soris dapirispirebis gamowveva SeeZlo.
1.
2.
Seni azriT, ra saSiSroebas qmnida saxelmwifosaTvis samefo da saeklesio xelisufalTa Soris
dapirispireba?
mTavarepiskopos miqaelis winaaRmdegobis daZlevas vaxtangis mier qarTlSi kaTaliko-
sobis daweseba mohyva.
wyaro 6
`kaTalikosobis dawesebiT vaxtangi ramdenime miznis miRwevas cdilobda. pirvel yovlisa, eklesi-
is TviTmwysoba, cxadia, aZlierebda qveynis damoukideblobas. Semdeg, samefo xelisufleba, ueWvelia,
met gavlenas iZenda mRvdelmTavarze, romlis arCevaSi mefes meti xma eZleoda. dabolos, vaxtangma
moicila mTavarepiskoposi (miqaeli), romelic, etyoba, mis mowinaaRmdegeTa banaks ekuTvnoda~.
l. janaSia.
wyaro 7
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba
`SemTxveviTi ar iyo qarTlSi sworad 12 saepiskoposos daarseba: amieridan qarTlis eklesias
gaaCnda sakuTari saeklesio kreba (saeklesio samarTliT saeklesio kreba 12 episkoposisagan unda
Semdgariyo), romelic uflebamosili iyo Tavisi Sinagani saqmeebi _ episkoposTa xeldasxma _
gadayeneba _ TviTve ganego es garemoeba adasturebs qarTlis eklesiis mier damoukideblobis,
avtokefaliis miRebas~.
n. lomouri.
kiTxvebi
1. Seni azriT, ratom Sedgeboda saeklesio kreba 12 episkoposisgan?
2. wyaro 7-is mixedviT ra uflebebi hqonda saeklesio krebas?
3. rogor gesmis eklesiis `TviTmwysobis~, damoukideblobis mniSvneloba?
4. Seni azriT, Seuwyobda Tu ara xels vaxtangis saeklesio RonisZiebebi samefo xelisuflebis
ganmtkicebas?
es sainteresoa:
`qristianul organizacias, qristianebis krebuls, berZnuli sityviT `eklesiiT~ aRniSnavdnen.
SemdegSi qarTulad eklesia daerqva im Senobasac, sadac qristianebis krebuli Tavs iyrida
locvisaTvis. raki qarTlSi qristianoba saxelmwifo sarwmunoebad gadaiqca, qarTlis eklesiamac
iseTive wyobileba miiRo, rogoric hqonda qarTlis samefos calke saerisTavoebis saeklesio
saqmeebs ganagebdnen episkoposebi,romelnic emorCilebodnen qarTlis anu mcxeTis mTavarepiskoposs
(saeklesio reformis Semdeg umaRlesi samRvdelo piri gaxda kaTalikosi). episkoposebs
eqvemdebarebodnen xucebi anu mRvdlebi ~.
s.janaSia.
bizantiis imperiaSi saxelmwifosa da eklesiis urTierTdamokidebulebis Sesaxeb saintereso
cnobas iZleva arqiepiskoposi lolii:
`msoflio saeklesio kreba imperatorisa da saxelmwifos krebaa, mas ama Tu im olqis mitro-
politi ki ar iwvevs, aramed imperatori. krebas eswrebian ara TavianT samitropolitoebSi
arCeuli episkoposebi, aramed imperatoris xelisuflebis Sexedulebisamebr daniSnulni da ga-
moZaxebulni, ris gamoc yvela adgilobrivi eklesiis episkoposis daswreba ar iyo savaldebulo.
krebis yvela gansazRvreba (aqti), kanoni da sarwmunoebis dogmati ZalaSi Sedioda, avtoritetsa
da qmediTobas iZenda imperatoris mier maTi damtkicebis Semdeg. amitom saeklesio krebis
dadgenilebaTa mowinaaRmdege ganixileboda imperatoris gankargulebis mowinaaRmdeged da amis
Sesabamisad, saxelmwifo kanonebis Tanaxmad isjeboda~.
davaleba 3
1. Seqmeni saeklesio TanamdebobaTa ierarqiuli kibe an sqema.
2. imsjele bizantiaSi saero da saeklesio xelisuflebis urTierTmimarTebis Sesaxeb.
damoukidebeli samuSao
Seafase vaxtang gorgaslis mier ganxorcielebuli reformis saeklesio da saxelmwifoebrivi
mniSvneloba
63

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

samefo xelisuflebis gantkicebisa da zogadad qveynis gaZlierebisken iyo mimarTuli is masStabu- ri aRmSeneblobiTi saqmianoba, rasac samefo kari awar- moebda.

vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba

vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba 1. 2.

1.

2.

kari awar- moebda. vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba 1. 2. wyaro 8 `aRaSena naSenebiTa uzomoTa amagrebda cixeTa da
wyaro 8 `aRaSena naSenebiTa uzomoTa amagrebda cixeTa da qalaqTa da hkazmida mxedarTa da ganamzadebda brZolad

wyaro 8

`aRaSena naSenebiTa uzomoTa amagrebda cixeTa da qalaqTa da hkazmida mxedarTa da ganamzadebda brZolad sparsTa ~.

`qarTlis cxovreba~.

sur. 2.2.2.6. nariyalas cixe.

sparseTis winaaRmdeg dagegmil omSi warmatebis miRweva mxolod qarTlis samefos ZalebiT Zneli iqneboda. mezobel saxelmwifoebSi _ somxeTsa da albaneTSi, rogorc iciT, sparseTma mefoba gaauqma da es qveynebi uSualod daiqvemdebara. am viTarebaSi rTuli iyo erTiani frontis Seqmna da TavisuflebisaTvis mebrZoli Zalebis gaerTianeba. vaxtang gorgasalma, pirvel rigSi, Crdilo kavkasiis xalxebTan _ osebTan, yivCaRebTan da hunebTan ganamtkica samxedro kavSiri. aseT mokavSireobas ukve didi xnis istoria hqonda da, bunebrivia, axlac, sparseTis winaaRmdeg gadamwyveti brZolebis dawyebis win, CrdilokavkasielTa mxardaWeras gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeboda.

wyaro 9 ` maxlobelni mis adgilisani da uwoda karad mas darialisa, da aw Tvinier mefisa

wyaro 9

` maxlobelni mis adgilisani da uwoda karad mas darialisa, da aw Tvinier mefisa ver xel- ewifebis gadmosvlad~.

Seqmna kari ovseTisani da aRaSena mas zeda godoli da daayena mas zeda mcvelni

`wminda ninos cxovreba~.

ajanyebis dawyebas uSualod ukavaSirdeboda qarTlSi sparseTis mokavSire Zalebis winaaRmdeg gadamwyveti ieriSis mitana. sparseTis orientaciis momxreTa erT-erTi aRiarebuli

meTauri varsqen pitiaxSi iyo. mefem 482 wels varsqeni moakvlevina, rac erovnuli Zalebis did gamarjvebad unda CaiTvalos. kargad iqna SerCeuli ajanyebis dawyebis droc. sparseTs garTulebuli hqonda mdgomareoba Sua aziaSi, ajanyebisTvis emzadebodnen somxebica da albanelebic. mezobel xalxebSi iranisadmi mtruli ganwyoba,agreTve,Crdilokavkasiel xalxebTan damyarebuli kavSiri, karg safuZvels iZleoda dampyroblis winaaRmdeg saerTo kavkasiuri brZolis dawyebisaTvis. ajanyeba warmatebiT daiwyo, _ moxerxda qarTlidan iranelebis gandevna. magram ajanyebulTa mdgomareoba mainc ar iyo sanugeSo. hunebis mier Sepirebuli mravalricxovani jaris magier vaxtangs samas kaciani razmi ewvia. erTianoba arc somexTa Soris iyo. aqaur warCinebulTa nawili sparsuli mmarTvelobis samsaxurSi idga. patriotTa banaki ki, cnobili sardlis vahan mamikonianis (SuSanikis mamis) meTaurobiT,marTalia,ajanyebaSi aqtiur

(SuSanikis mamis) meTaurobiT,marTalia,ajanyebaSi aqtiur monawileobas iRebda, magram mcirericxovnobis gamo

monawileobas iRebda, magram mcirericxovnobis gamo mowinaaRmdegesTan pirispir brZolas erideboda da mTis viwrobebSi iyo gamagrebuli.

sur. 2.2.2.7.

vahan mamikoniani.

wyaro 10 `icoda (vahan mamikonianma) somexTa jaris sisuste da xedavda, rom mas dahkargvoda mxneoba, dauZlurebuliyo

wyaro 10

`icoda (vahan mamikonianma) somexTa jaris sisuste da xedavda, rom mas dahkargvoda mxneoba, dauZlurebuliyo da srulebiTac ara hgavda sxva drois gulmodginebasa da mondomebas~.

lazar farpeci, somexi istorikosi.

gaerTianebuli qarTul-somxuri jari, vaxtangisa da vahan mamikonianis meTaurobiT, seriozul winaaRmdegobas uwevda sparseTis laSqars, magram misi damarcxeba da dawyebuli brZolis gamarjvebamde miyvana mainc ver SeZlo.

davaleba 4

imsjele vaxtang gorgaslis kavkasiuri politikis Sesaxeb.

Seafase erTiani samxedro frontis mniSvneloba saqarTvelos damoukideblobisaTvis brZolaSi.

64

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi 484 wels sparseTma amierkavkasiaSi mravalricxovani jari gamogzavna. vaxtangi egrisSi
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
484 wels sparseTma amierkavkasiaSi mravalricxovani jari gamogzavna. vaxtangi egrisSi
gaixizna da axali laSqrobisaTvis mzadebas Seudga. arc sparselebis mdgomareoba iyo saxarbielo.
iranis Sahi perozi, mowinave jarTan erTad aRmosavleTSi laSqrobis dros daiRupa. iranelTa
is jari ki, romelic saqarTveloSi salaSqrod emzadeboda, ukan iqna gawveuli.
wyaro 11
`iranelebi uaRresad mZime viTarebaSi aRmoCndnen. aman aiZula isini mTel rig mniSvnelovan
daTmobebze wasuliyvnen ajanyebuli somxeTis moTxovniT, iranelebma piroba dades SeewyvitaT
qristianobis devna, ar daerRviaT adgilobrivi tradiciebi da mniSvnelovani saqmeebi TviTon Sahs
gaerCia. iranelebma gamoacxades, rom isini ar adanaSaulebdnen ajanyebulebs, radgan ajanyeba
TviT perozis Zalmomreobam gamoiwviao 485 wels, ajanyebulTa meTauri vahan mamikoniani som-
xeTis marzpanad daniSnes. iranelebi albanelebis winaSec wasulan daTmobaze. kerZod, iq maT me-
foba aRudgeniaT
ueWvelia, ajanyebas dadebiTi Sedegebi qarTlisTvisac unda moetana. amdenad, Tumca vaxtangma
ver SesZlo sabolood gaeTavisuflebina qarTli iranuli uRlisagan, magram misma ajanyebam
nawilobriv mainc miaRwia mizans. samwuxarod Cven ar SegviZlia imis Cveneba, Tu konkretulad
raSi gamoixata es~.
l. janaSia.
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
vaxtang gorgaslis mefoba
kiTxvebi
Seni azriT, ra dadebiTi Sedegi SeiZleba moetana iranis winaaRmdeg ajanyebas qarTlis samefo-
saTvis?
1.
2.
wyaro 11-is mixedviT, riT dasturdeba, rom miuxedavad garkveuli warmatebebisa, qarTli mainc
iranis Sahis gavlenis qveS rCeboda?
garkveuli warmatebebis miuxedavad, vaxtangs ar
Seuwyvetia qveynis sruli TavisuflebisaTvis brZola.
vaxtangis mematianis cnobiT, mefe erT-erT brZolaSi
daWrila, rac misi sikvdilis mizezic gamxdara.
wyaro 12
`sparsma vinme sca isari mkerdsa vaxtangissa damZimda
wyluleba vaxtangisi, rameTu Seweul iyo isari firtuad
(filtvi). da warvida ujarmos~.
sur. 2.2.2.5. ujarmis cixe.
`da iyo igi umaRles kacTa mis JamisaTa, da uSunieres saxiTa da Zlier ZaliTa, romel Wurvili
(aRWurvili) qveiTi iremsa miewiis, upyris rqa da daiWiros, da cxeni Wurvili aRiRis mxarTa
zeda da mcxeTiT aRvidis cixesa armazisasa~.
`qarTlis cxovreba~.
davaleba 5
yuradRebiT gaecani wyaro 13-s. Seni azriT, teqstis romeli nawili adasturebs istorikosebis
varauds juanSeris Txzulebis gazviadebulobis Sesaxeb?
1.
2. gaixsene, ras niSnavs qarTulad vaxtang mefis metsaxeli _ `gorgasali~.
3. gaixsene legenda Tbilisis daarsebis Sesaxeb.
damoukidebeli samuSao
dawere ese vaxtang gorgaslis mefobis Sesaxeb. airCie SenTvis sasurveli Tema:
1. “vaxtang gorgaslis pirovneba”.
2. “vaxtang gorgasali _ politikosi”.
3. “vaxtang gorgasali _ reformatori”.
ganmartebebi
eqspansia _ aq, igivea rac dapyroba.
kontribucia _ fuladi gadasaxadi, romelsac omSi gamarjvebuli mxare damarcxebuls akisrebs
sazavo xelSekrulebis ZaliT.
dogmati _ igive dogma.
dogma _ dausabuTeblad, brmad miRebuli debuleba, romelsac miiCneven uryev WeSmaritebad.
65

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

§ 3. saeklesio ganxeTqileba

V-VI saukuneebSi qristianuli samyaro didma saeklesio ganxeTqilebam moicva. erTmaneTs daupirispirda ori mimarTuleba _ diofizitoba da monofizitoba. qristianuli moZRvrebis am ori konfesiis warmomadgenlebi RmerTis bunebas gansxvavebulad xsnidnen: diofizitebi qristeSi RvTaebrivTan erTad adamianur sawyissac xedavdnen, monofizitebi ki aqcents mxolod mis RvTiur bunebaze akeTebdnen. erTi SexedviT dava saRvTismetyvelo sakiTxebs exeboda da mas politikuri da erovnuli dapirispirebis xasiaTi TiTqos arc ki hqonda, magram, sinamdvileSi, am mimdinareobebis warmomadgenelTa Soris xangrZlivma da mwvave konfliqtma sxvadasxva sfero moicva. religiuri dapirispireba gascda qristianuli samyaros farglebs da masSi cecxl- Tayvanismcemeli sparseTic aqtiurad CaerTo. bizantiis imperiaSi oficialurad aRiarebuli iyo diofizituri eklesia, monofizitoba ki idevneboda. amdenad, bizantiis politikuri da, masTan erTad, religiuri mokavSireoba ukve ara zogadad qristianobis, aramed uSualod diofizituri mrwamsis aRiarebiT mtkicdeboda. da piriqiT, imperiaSi akrZaluli da devnili monofizitobis miReba konstantinopolTan politikur dapirispirebas niSnavda. es kargad hqondaT gaazrebuli sparseTis mmarTvelebs. maTi upirvelesi amocana qristian mosaxleobaSi mazdeanobis gavrceleba iyo, rac am xalxebis iranul samyarosTan daaxloebisa da SemdegSi masTan Serwymis sawindari unda gamxdariyo. magram iq, sadac mazdeanobis gavrceleba SeuZlebeli xdeboda, sparseli politikosebi qristianobis im mimarTulebas uWerdnen mxars, romelic bizantiaSi idevneboda.

saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde

d a n V I I s a u k u n i s I n
d a n V I I s a u k u n i s I n
d a n V I I s a u k u n i s I n
d a n V I I s a u k u n i s I n

1.

d a n V I I s a u k u n i s I n
d a n V I I s a u k u n i s I n
saeklesio ganxeTqileba

saeklesio ganxeTqileba

1.

2.

davaleba 1 imsjele religiuri ganxeTqilebis mizezebze. 2. imsjele im faqtorebze, ramac saeklesio ganxeTqileba gaamwvava da

davaleba 1

imsjele religiuri ganxeTqilebis mizezebze.

2. imsjele im faqtorebze, ramac saeklesio ganxeTqileba gaamwvava da mas politikuri elferi SesZina.

wyaro 1 `ar iqneboda swori,Tu warmovidgendiT,rom sparseTi qristianobis yovel mimarTulebas ebrZoda. sparseTi mxolod im

wyaro 1

`ar iqneboda swori,Tu warmovidgendiT,rom sparseTi qristianobis yovel mimarTulebas ebrZoda. sparseTi mxolod im mimarTulebas, im frTas ebrZoda, romelic im momentSi romis (bizantiis) imperiaSi iyo aRiarebuli. TviTon sparseTSi mravali qristiani cxovrobda da sparselebis arcTu mcire nawili qristiani iyo, maT hqondaT TavianTi eklesia da TavianTi saeklesio ierarqia, xolo sparseTis imperiaSi mcxovrebi xalxebi, magaliTad, sirielebi da somxebi qristianebi iyvnen, romelTa eklesiebic sparseTisaTvis misaRebi iyo~.

iyvnen, romelTa eklesiebic sparseTisaTvis misaRebi iyo~. wyaro 2 a. jafariZe. `mis Semdeg, rac daeca somex mefeTa

wyaro 2

a. jafariZe.

`mis Semdeg, rac daeca somex mefeTa taxti (428 w.), somxeTSi sparsTa xelisuflebam fexi mtkiced moikida,bizantiis imperiisadmi dapirispirebuli iranis Sahis kari im xanebSi mxars uWerda siriuli kulturis gavlenis gavrcelebas berZnulis sawinaaRmdegod (siriaSi gavrcelebuli iyo monofizitoba). siriul kulturas somxeTSi isedac Rrmad hqonda fesvebi gamdgari da mTavrobis mfarvelobis pirobebSi mas kidev ufro gaeSala frTebi~.

mose xoreneli, somexi istorikosi.

davaleba 2 wyaro 1-isa da 2-is mixedviT daaxasiaTe sparseTis religiuri politika. Seswavlili masalis safuZvelze imsjele

davaleba 2

wyaro 1-isa da 2-is mixedviT daaxasiaTe sparseTis religiuri politika.

Seswavlili masalis safuZvelze imsjele religiisa da politikis urTierTkavSiris Sesaxeb.

sparseTis religiuri politika gansakuTrebiT mwvave xasiaTs somxeTSi Rebulobs. som- xeTis iraneli mmarTvelebi yoveli gziT cdilobdnen adgilobrivi eklesiis Camocilebas bizantiisgan.

wyaro 3 `(sparsi mmarTveli) ra wignsac ki waawydeboda, igi wvavda, brZana, rom eswavlaT sparsuli da

wyaro 3

`(sparsi mmarTveli) ra wignsac ki waawydeboda, igi wvavda, brZana, rom eswavlaT sparsuli da ara berZnuli wera-kiTxva,aravis hqonda ufleba elaparaka berZnulad anda eTargmna am enidan. amas TiTqos imitom Svreboda, rom somxebs jer kidev ar gaaCndaT anbani da berZnulad asrulebdnen RvTismsaxurebas~.

mose xoreneli.

66

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi bizantiis xelisufleba da saeklesio pirebi cdilobdnen viTarebis gamosworebas. am mizniT
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
bizantiis xelisufleba da saeklesio pirebi cdilobdnen viTarebis gamosworebas. am mizniT
maT scnes somxeTis eklesiis damoukidebloba, raTa rogorme SeerbilebinaT misalodneli
dapirispireba da ramdenadme mainc SeenarCunebinaT sakuTari gavlena somxur eklesiaze. rig
SemTxvevebSi ki, mdgomareobis gamosasworeblad somxeTSi cnobil diofizit RvTismetyvelebs
agzavnidnen, raTa maT eqadagaT xalxisaTvis berZnuli qristianobis upiratesoba.
kiTxva
Seni azriT, ra gavlenas iqoniebda sparseTis religiuri politika somxeT-bizantiis politi-
kur da kulturul urTierTobebze?
1.
2.
ra saSualebebiT cdilobda bizantia somxeTis eklesiaze gavlenis SenarCunebas?
rac Seexeba qarTul eklesias, mas maincdamainc ar ganucdia sparseTis religiuri
politikis gavlena. marTalia,qarTlSic Camoyalibda monoTeisturi Temebi,magram am process
masStaburi xasiaTi ar miuRia. qarTveli xalxis politikuri da religiuri mrwamsi
mkafiodaa Camoyalibebuli qarTul hagiografiul nawarmoebSi `wminda raJdenis cxovreba~.
wyaro 6
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
saeklesio ganxeTqileba
`aRdges sparsni qristianeTa zeda rameTu didi iyo maSin brZola da daucxromeli mtroba
qristianeTA zeda da ufroisad berZenTa mimarT, xolo Cuen qarTvelTA mimarT amisaTvis, rameTu
eZneleboda Cueni berZenTa mimarT siyvaruli da erToba da ese
iyo neba maTi, raTa Cuenca maTTana mter veqmneT berZenTa~.
wyaro 7
`
574 wlisaTvis saqarTveloSi monofizitobas simtkice
ukve Seryeuli uCans da qalkedonianobas (diofizitobas)
qarTul saeklesio wreebSi TanagrZnoba ukve mopovebuli hqonia.
asurel mamaTa moRvaweobis faqti swored qalkedonianobis
saqarTveloSi am gamarjvebis gagebas gviadvilebs. rogorc
sur. 2.2.3.1. qalkedonis taZari.
asurel berebs qalkedonianobis TavianTi rwmenis gabatonebisaTvis samSoblo miutovebiaT da
albaneTSi misulan saqadagod, iseve momxdara saqarTveloSic da asureli mamebi mosulan. Sinaganma
sarwmunoebrivma brZolam, asurel mamaTa energiulma moRvaweobam, bizantiisaken cxadad gadaxrili
politikuri orientaciis mZlavrma gavlenamac qalkedonianobas saqarTveloSi monofizitobaze
gamarjveba SeaZlebina~.
iv. javaxiSvili.
davaleba 3
wyaro 4-isa da 5-is mixedviT imsjele qarTuli eklesiis sarwmunoebrivi da politikuri poziciebis
urTierTmimarTebaze.
religiurma ganxeTqilebam qarTvel da somex samRvdeloebas Soris mwvave diskusias mis-
ca biZgi. orive mxare erTnairi mondomebiT cdilobda saeklesio erTobis miRwevas, magram
yoveli aseTi mcdeloba urTierTbraldebebis wamoyenebiT sruldeboda.
qarTlis kaTalikosi arseni brals sdebda somxeTis samRvdeloebas politikuri mosazrebiT
_ sparseTis SiSiTa da misi mokavSireobis surviliT, diofizituri mrwamsisagan gadaxvevaSi.
wyaro 6
arsen kaTalikosis cnobiT, Sahma xosro I-ma somxebs mosTxova `erTi orTagan gamoirCieT _ an
miiReT asurelTa sarwmunoeba (monofizitoba) anda datoveT Tqveni qveyana da datoveT sparseTis
imperiis sazRvrebio. somxebi Zalian Sewuxdnen, maT arc sarwmunoebis Secvla surdaT da arc
qveynis datoveba
~.
sabolood maT mainc sparseTis winaSe daTmoba arCies da gadawyvites _ `
umjobesia Cveni sikvdili, vidre amJamad berZenTadmi mibruneba, qveynidan meored ayra-gadasaxleba
da Cveni amowyveta siRaribeSio ~.
sapasuxo werilSi somexTa kaTalikosi abraami WeSmariti sarwmunoebidan gandgomilad
qarTul mxares asaxelebda.
67

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

wyaro 7 `Tqven axla rom qadiliT mogvwereT Cven _ Cvensa da Tqven mamebs wminda grigolma

wyaro 7

`Tqven axla rom qadiliT mogvwereT Cven _ Cvensa da Tqven mamebs wminda grigolma ierusalimis sarwmunoeba misca da Cven igive gvaqvso, aba kargad gamoiZieT da naxeT, rom Tqvenc da sxvebic mravalni, wminda qalaqis (ierusalimis) mkvidrebTan erTad, SeicvaleT misgan, ara Tu igive gaqvT, xolo Cven exlac ierusalimis sarwmunoeba gvaqvs~.

sur. 2.2.3.3. eCmiaZini, somxeTis saeklesio centri.

ara Tu igive gaqvT, xolo Cven exlac ierusalimis sarwmunoeba gvaqvs~. sur. 2.2.3.3. eCmiaZini, somxeTis saeklesio centri.
qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi
qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi

qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi

qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi
qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi 1. 2.

1.

2.

damoukidebeli samuSao

imsjele qarTul-somxuri saeklesio ganxeTqilebis mosalodnel politikur Sedegebze.

isaubre tolerantobis, kompromisis mniSvnelobaze religiuri ganxeTqilebis dros.

ganmartebebi

konfesia _ garkveuli religiuri mimdinareobis aRmsareblobis Tavisebureba. tolerantoba _ sxvisi azrebis, rwmenis Semwynarebloba. kompromisi _ urTierTdaTmobis gziT miRweuli SeTanxmeba.

Tavisebureba. tolerantoba _ sxvisi azrebis, rwmenis Semwynarebloba. kompromisi _ urTierTdaTmobis gziT miRweuli SeTanxmeba.
Tavisebureba. tolerantoba _ sxvisi azrebis, rwmenis Semwynarebloba. kompromisi _ urTierTdaTmobis gziT miRweuli SeTanxmeba.
Tavisebureba. tolerantoba _ sxvisi azrebis, rwmenis Semwynarebloba. kompromisi _ urTierTdaTmobis gziT miRweuli SeTanxmeba.

§ 4. qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi

vaxtangis gardacvalebis Semdeg qarTlis samefo taxtze misi Ze daCi adis. `qarTlis cxovrebis~ mixedviT:

wyaro 1 `aman daCi mefeman iwyo Senebad qarTlisa, samefo mooxrebul iyvnes xevni qarTlisani, Tuinier kaxeTisa

wyaro 1

`aman daCi mefeman iwyo Senebad qarTlisa, samefo mooxrebul iyvnes xevni qarTlisani, Tuinier kaxeTisa da klarjeTisa da egrisisa. da ganasrula zRudeni Tbilisisani, da, viTa ebrZana vaxtangs, igi Seqmna saxlad sameufod~.

amave periodSi samefo karze mwvavdeba politikuri oriantaciis sakiTxi,rac saxelmwifoSi garkveuli ganxeTqilebis safuZveli xdeba.

wyaro 2 `mieriTgan ganiyvnes naTesavni vaxtang mefisani. rameTu Svilni daCisani hmonebdes sparsTa, xolo Svilni mirdatisni

wyaro 2

`mieriTgan ganiyvnes naTesavni vaxtang mefisani. rameTu Svilni daCisani hmonebdes sparsTa, xolo Svilni mirdatisni daadges morCilebasa berZenTasa~.

`qarTlis cxovreba~.

sparseTis winaaRmdeg aqtiuri pozicia daikava mefe gurgenma. bizantiisgan daxmarebiT daimedebulma mefem 523 wels sparseTis winaaRmdeg ajanyeba moawyo.

wyaro 3 `imperatorma petre strategosi gagzavna ramdenime huniTurT rom is daxmareboda gurgens, ramdenadac SesaZlebeli iyo.

wyaro 3

`imperatorma

petre strategosi gagzavna ramdenime

huniTurT rom is daxmareboda gurgens, ramdenadac SesaZlebeli iyo. amave dros kavadmac (iranis Sahi) didZali jari gagzavna

gurgenisa da iberebis winaaRmdeg gurgenma rom dainaxa, rom is sustia, sparselTa ieriSis atanisaTvis, radgan romaelebis (bizantielebis) gamogzavnili damxmare Zalebi sakmarisi ar iyo, lazikaSi gaiqca iberTa yvela didebuliTurT da Tan waiyvana

coli, Svilebi da Zmebi

lazikis sazRvrebSi rom movidnen, aq

da Tan waiyvana coli, Svilebi da Zmebi lazikis sazRvrebSi rom movidnen, aq sur. 2.2.4.2. imperatori iustiniane.

sur. 2.2.4.2. imperatori iustiniane.

68

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

 

gaCerdnen da Znelad gadasasvleli adgilebiT daculni,igeriebdnen mters. sparselebi ki daedevnen maT, magram maincdamainc veraferi daakles, radgan saqmes aferxebda Zneladgasasvleli adgilebi. Semdeg iberebi bizantionSi Cavidnen~.

 
 

prokopi kesarieli.

sparseTma ajanyebis marcxiT isargebla da qarTlSi samefo xelisufleba gaauqma. amieridan qarTls marTavs marzpani _ iraneli moxele, romelsac sruli Zalaufleba upyria xelT.

wyaro 4

 

gaqristianebul sparss, evstats, mcxeTeli mogvebi Sei pyroben da gansasjelad mcxeTis sparsel cixisTavs miuyvanen. cixisTavi ase mimarTavs maT: `amis kacisa patiji me arara xelmewifebis, arca pyrobileba, aramed waruZRuano ege tfiliss qalaqsa, qarTlisa marzpansa rameTu yovlisa kacisa qarTlisa mas xel-ewifebis sikudili da cxoreba~.

 

`evstati mcxeTelis martviloba~.

 

davaleba 1

davaleba 1    
   

1. wyaro 3-is mixedviT imsjele qarTlis ajanyebis damarcxebis mizezebze.

2. imsjele qarTlSi samefo xelisuflebis gauqmebis Sedegebze.

 

3. wyaro 4-is mixedviT daaxasiaTe marzpanis xelisufleba.

bizantiaSi gadaxvewili gurgeni cdilobs, daxmareba imperatorisgan miiRos. misi mizania qarTlSi samefo xelisuflebis aRdgena da qveynis ganTavisufleba sparselebis batonobisgan, magram male, 532 wels, bizantiasa da sparseTs Soris e.w. `saukuno zavi~ daido.

wyaro 5

wyaro 5  
 

`SeTanxmdnen erTmaneTTan sazavo pirobebSi,saxeldobr,rom orive mxare daabrunebda im adgilebs, romlebic am omSi erTmaneTs waarTves romaelebma misces sparselebs farangioni da bolonis simagre (mdinareebis: Woroxisa da araqsis saTaveebTan mdebare simagreebi), xolo sparselebma romaelebs _ lazikis simagreebi~.

 

prokopi kesarieli.

zavi mebrZol mxareTagan srulad arc erTs ar akmayofilebda da miRweuli SeTanxmebac, rogorc mosalodneli iyo, droebiTi aRmoCnda.

davaleba 2

davaleba 2    
   

imsjele, ra mniSvneloba hqonda am zavs bizantia-iranisa da saqarTvelosTvis.

 
es sainteresoa:

es sainteresoa:

es sainteresoa:
 

`sasanidebis imperia administraciuli TvalsazrisiT oTx mxared iyo dayofili, romelTac

es kustakebi, Tavis mxriv, calkeul qveynebad

nawildeboda. kavkasiis kustaki 13 aseTi qveynisgan Sedgeboda, romelTa Soris pirveli iyo atropatakani (azerbaijani), meore _ armni (somxeTi), mesame _ varjani (qarTli), meoTxe _ rani (alvaneTi) da a.S. TiToeuls, rogorc wesi, `marzpani~ (mxaris ufrosi) marTavda~.

sparsulad qustebi an qustakebi ewodeboda

 

d. musxeliSvili.

am droisaTvis iranSi jer kidev mZvinvarebda mazdakidebis ajanyeba. misi sulisCamdgmeli iyo vinme mazdaki, romelic qadagebda adamianTa Soris gabatonebuli siZulvilisa da mtrobis

mospobas, rac sikeTiTa da SemwynareblobiT unda Secvliliyo. mazdakis azriT, siZulvilsa da urTierTmtrobas iwvevda materialuri uTanabroba, simdidrisa da siRatakis gverdigverd arseboba. mazdaki moiTxovda qonebis gaTanasworebas, agreTve, qalis uflebrivi mdgomareobis gaumjobesebas, misTvis sakuTrebis flobisa da gankargvis uflebis miniWebas. mazdakis moZRvreba male gavrcelda mosaxleobis dabal fenebSi da mZlavr ajanyebaSi gadaizarda. ajanyebulebi

arbevdnen warCinebulTa saxlebs, itacebdnen maT qonebas

saboloo jamSi, ajanyeba marcxiT

dasrulda. mazdaki da misi mravali mimdevari ki sikvdiliT iqnen dasjilni.

 

davaleba 3

davaleba 3

1. imsjele mazdakis moZraobis gamomwvev mizezebze.

 

2. Seafase mazdakis moZRvrebis socialuri Sinaarsi.

 

69

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi

qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi
qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi

qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi

qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi
qarTlis samefo VI saukuneSi 1. 2. 3. 4.

1.

2.

3.

4.

VI saukunis bolosaTvis sparseTis Zalaufleba qarTlSi TandaTan sustdeba:

bolosaTvis sparseTis Zalaufleba qarTlSi TandaTan sustdeba: wyaro 6 `iqmnes SfoTi didi sparseTs Sina~. `esreT ra ucalo
wyaro 6 `iqmnes SfoTi didi sparseTs Sina~. `esreT ra ucalo iqnes sparsni, maSin SeiTqunes erisTavni

wyaro 6

`iqmnes SfoTi didi sparseTs Sina~. `esreT ra ucalo iqnes sparsni, maSin SeiTqunes erisTavni qarTlisani, zemoni da qvemoni, da wargzavnes mociquli winaSe berZenTa mefisa, da iTxoves, raTa uCinos mefe naTesavTagan qarTlisaTa da raTa

iyvnes erisTavni igi Tvis-Tvissa saerisTavosa Seucvlelad. maSin keisarman aRasrula, Txovna maTi, da mosca mefed romelsa erqua

sur. 2.2.4.3. bizantia da sparseTi.

guaram, romeli mTavrobda klarjeTs da javaxeTs amas guarams misca keisarman kurapalatoba da warmogzavna mcxeTas~.

`qarTlis cxovreba~.

sxva wyaroebi guaramsa da mis memkvidreebs mefeebad ar moixsenieben.

wyaro 7 `Sekrba qarTli ganaCines erisTavad guaram didi. ese iyo pirveli erisTavi~. `moqcevai qarTlisai~. `mTavrobda

wyaro 7

`Sekrba qarTli ganaCines erisTavad guaram didi. ese iyo pirveli erisTavi~.

`moqcevai qarTlisai~.

`mTavrobda gurgeni (guaramis momdevno xelisufali), xolo iberTa dedaqalaqi maSin tfilisi iyo~.

Teofane bizantieli, VI saukunis istorikosi.

kiTxvebi

ra pirobas uyeneben erisTavebi bizantiis imperators?

rogor fiqrob, ratom daTanxmda imperatori erisTavebis moTxovnebs?

rogor fiqrob, guaramisa da misi memkvidreebis xelisufleba mefisas Seesabameba Tu erisTavT-

erisTavisas, anu `erismTavrisas~?

riT gansxvavdeba mefisa da erismTavris xelisufleba erTmaneTisgan?

davaleba 4

wyaros safuZvelze imsjele qarTlis mmarTvelobiT xasiaTze; miiCnev Tu ara mas srulyofilad? daasabuTe Seni mosazreba.

qarTli gansakuTrebiT gaZlierebuli Cans stefanoz I-is mmarTvelobisas (daaxl. 593_604 ww.). misi xelisufleba mTlianad moicavs sparselTa politikuri gavlenisagan srulad ganTavisuflebul aRmosavleT saqarTvelos.

wyaro 8 ` sparseTSi bizantielTa wyalobiT gamefebuli xosro II keTilganwyobil atmosferos qmnis qristianTa mimarT da

wyaro 8

` sparseTSi bizantielTa wyalobiT gamefebuli xosro II keTilganwyobil atmosferos qmnis qristianTa mimarT da qristianoba iq mazdianizms upirispirdeba. meore mxriv bizantia, romelic didi xania ibrZoda qarTlis dasaufleblad, dainteresebuli unda yofiliyo qarTlis siZlieriT Tavisi Crdilo-aRmosavleTi periferiis da, kerZod, lazikis usafrTxoebisaTvis, romlis mimarT iranis pretenziebi, ra Tqma unda, bizantiis samefo kars kargad axsovda. aseTi politikuri viTareba qarTlisaTvis, misi kulturuli da politikuri aRorZinebisaTvis, friad xelsayreli iyo da es ar SeiZleboda ar gamoeyenebina mis gamgebels~.

d. musxeliSvili

damoukidebeli samuSao

imsjele im sagareo faqtorebis Sesaxeb, romlebmac xeli Seuwyves qarTlis kulturul da politikur aRmavlobas.

70

saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi § 5. egrisis (lazikis) samefo IV-VI saukuneebSi IV-V saukuneebis bizantiuri
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
§ 5. egrisis (lazikis) samefo IV-VI saukuneebSi
IV-V saukuneebis bizantiuri wyaroebi kolxeTs egrisad moixseniebdnen _ `kolxeTi
aris igive egrisi ~. mas aseve lazikasac uwodebdnen.
wyaro 1
`afSilebi da abazgebi ZvelTaganve lazTa qveSevrdomebi arian ~.
prokopi kesarieli.
`arc lazebi da arc TviT svanebi ar miiCneven sadavod, TiTqos svaneTi winaT lazTa
qveSevrdomebi ar yofiliyos, arc imas, rom svaneTis mmarTvels lazTa mefis gadawyvetilebiT
eniWeboda Zalaufleba~.
menande protiqtori, bizantieli istorikosi.
kiTxvebi
1. ra saxis gaerTianebad warmogvidgeba lazika?
2. garda CamoTvlilisa, Seni azriT, kidev romel qarTvelur tomebsa da
kuTxeebs moicavda lazTa samefo?
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
egrisis (lazikis) samefo IV-VI saukuneebSi
es sainteresoa:
egrisi sityva `egridan~, igive `megridan~, momdinareobs da aRniSnavs
`megrTa~ e. i. megrelTa saxelmwifos. es ki imas niSnavs,rom egrisis samefo,
romelic dasavleT saqarTvelos teritoriaze mcxovrebi sxvadasxva
qarTveluri tomebisagan Sedgeboda, megruli modgmis tomTa hegemonobiT
Seiqmna da SemdegSiac, isini am saxelmwifoSi wamyvan politikur Zalas
warmoadgendnen. rac Seexeba lazebs, isini megrelebisgan eTnikur-
tomobrivad TiTqmis arc ganirCeodnen.
sur. 2.2.5.1. lazikis droSa.
egrisis gaZlierebas im drois saerTaSoriso politikuri viTarebac uwyobda xels.
romis imperia IV saukunis II naxevridan axlo aRmosavleTSi TandaTan Tmobs poziciebs.
aRmosavleT amierkavkasiaSi Zlierdeba iranis politikuri gavlena. sparseTi axla ukve
SavizRvispireTSic gegmavs gabatonebas, rac regionidan romis imperiis gaZevebis tolfasi
iqneboda.
im viTarebaSi, rodesac roms aRar ZaluZs daicvas Tavisi mokavSireebi `sparsuli
safrTxisagan~, Zalauneburad Tanxmdeba mokavSireebis gaZlierebas, im pirobiT, rom isini
imperiasTan `megobrul~ urTierTobas SeinarCunebdnen.
lazikis mimarT sakuTari interesi hqonda sparseTsac. Sahi kargad acnobierebda, rom
egrisSi gabatonebaze: `iqneboda damokidebuli, rom
mosazRvre barbarosebma yovel weliwads arbion romaelTa
miwa-wyali. Tqven albaT iciT (eubnebian Sahs mrCevlebi),
_ rom lazTa qveyana dRemde kavkasiis mTebis safars
warmoadgens
agreTve, lazikis mezoblad mosaxle
hunebisganac sparsTa saxelmwifo samudamod daurbeveli
iqneboda
sur. 2.2.5.2.
aris mxolod sawinaaRmdego tixari
kavkasiaSi mosaxle barbarosebisaTvis lazike
~
(prokopi kesarieli).
lazika.
lazika sxva mxrivac iyo ucxoTaTvis mimzidveli:
wyaro 2
`puri maT (svanebs) kolxTa mefisagan egzavnebodaT ~.
`(lazika) Seicavs mravals mWidrod dasaxlebul sofels
Rvinoc kargi modis da sxva
nayofic iq kargad xarobs ~.
`(lazebi) mudam awarmoebdnen pontoSi mcxovreb romaelebTan sazRvao vaWrobas ~.
prokopi kesarieli.
`svanebis sardali emorCileboda lazs da masTan aRricxuli iyo saxarko siaSi da lazi
kidevac iRebda misgan futkris nayofs da tyavebs da zog sxva ramesac ~.
menandre protiqtori.
71
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi davaleba 1 1. imsjele im pirobebze, romlebmac xeli Seuwyves lazikis
saqarTvelo IV - XUI saukuneebSi
davaleba 1
1.
imsjele im pirobebze, romlebmac xeli Seuwyves lazikis samefos gaZlierebas.
2.
teqstisa da wyaro 2-is mixedviT ra faqtorebma ganapiroba romisa da sparseTis daintereseba
lazikis samefoTi?
lazika kulturuladac dawinaurebuli qveyanaa. misi dedaqalaqia cixe-goji, igive
arqeopolisi.
wyaro 3
`arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad
gamovlenili iqna qalaqis grandiozuli
safortifikacio (samxedro-TavdacviTi)
sistema, Sida qalaqis teritoriaze _
ori abanos Senoba, romelTagan erTi,
Tavisi gegmarebis sirTuliT, daxvewili
arqiteqturuli formebiT, gamoirCeva
yvela msgavsi amavdroindeli nagebobisagan
saqarTvelos teritoriaze
qalaqis
qveda teritoriaze ganlagebuli iyo
sasaxle, sameurneo nagebobani da IV-
V saukuneebis uZvelesi eklesiebi. ar-
qeologiuri masala, romelic Seicavs
adgilobriv keramikul nawarms (Wur-
sur. 2.2.5.3. cixe-goji.
Weli, kramitebi), minis nakeTobebs
(WurWeli, fanjris minebi), rkinis iaraRis (isris wverebi, javSnis firfitebi, danebi) da importuli
masalac, aSkarad mowmobs, rom IV-V saukuneebis cixe-goji warmoadgens msxvil qalaqur dasaxlebas,
administraciul-politikur, saeklesio da savaWro-saxelosno centrs~.
d. musxeliSvili.
davaleba 2
gaixsene dasavleT saqarTvelos sxva qalaqebi; wyaro 3-is mixedviT daaxasiaTe Zveli qalaqi _
CamoTvale mTavari nagebobebi, aRwere mosaxleobis ZiriTadi saqmianoba.
rogorc viciT, 523 wlis ajanyebas qarTlSi samefo xelisuflebis gauqmeba da sparseTis
uSualo mmarTvelobis damyareba mohyva. sparseTi axla ukve daufaravad acxadebda pretenziebs
dasavleT saqarTvelozec.
bizantiam,lazikis SesanarCuneblad,gazarda iq Tavisi laSqris raodenoba da strategosebis
Zalaufleba, rasac egrisis mefeTa xelisuflebis dasustebasTan erTad adgilobrivi
mosaxleobis mdgomareobis gauaresebac mohyva.
Seviwroebuli lazebi bizantiis mimarT mxardaWeras sul ufro naklebad amJRavnebdnen.
isini sparseT-bizantiis dapirispirebis procesSi TiTqos ganze gadgnen da bizantielebs
samxedro mxardaWeras ar ucxadebdnen.
wyaro 4
`mefem gadawyvita gaegzavna jari da sardali irene. iberiis sazRvrebidan rom Sedixar, iqvea
lazebis miwa. wyalze ori simagrea, romelTa dacva ZvelTaganve adgilobrivi mcxovreblebis
sazrunavs Seadgenda
iq ar modis arc xorbali, arc Rvino da arc sxva ram sikeTe. sxva
adgilidan risame Semozidva, viwrobebis wyalobiT, SeiZleba mxolod ise, Tu kacebi TviTon
moitanen (bizantiis imperatorma undoblobis gamo) gamoiyvana iqidan es mcvelebi da romael
jariskacebs ubrZana simagreebis sadarajoze damdgariyvnen. Tavdapirvelad maT lazebi awodebdnen
Zlivs-ZliobiT saWiro sursaTs, magram Semdeg maT uari ganacxades am samsaxurze da romaelebma
es simagreebi datoves; isini xelT igdes sparselebma sruliad gaurjelad ~.
prokopi kesarieli.
safrTxis moaxloebasTan erTad, bizantia
sul ufro metad ereva egrisis saSinao
saqmeebSi da VI saukunis dasawyisSi faqtobrivad iqvemdebarebs kidec mas.
72
saqarTvelo IV saukunidan VII saukunis I naxevramde
egrisis (lazikis) samefo IV-VI saukuneebSi