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SEIN: Conjugated in All Tenses

Present Tense Prsens DEUTSCH SINGULAR ich bin du bist er ist sie ist es ist PLURAL wir sind ihr seid sie sind Sie sind Examples: Sind Sie Herr Meier? Are you Mr. Meier? Er ist nicht da. He's not here. we are you (guys) are they are you are I am you (fam.) are he is she is it is ENGLISH

Simple Past Tense Imperfekt DEUTSCH SINGULAR ich war du warst er war sie war es war PLURAL wir waren ihr wart sie waren Sie waren we were you (guys) were they were you were I was you (fam.) were he was she was it was ENGLISH

Compound Past Tense (Pres. Perfect) Perfekt DEUTSCH SINGULAR ich bin gewesen du bist gewesen er ist gewesen sie ist gewesen es ist gewesen I was/have been you (fam.) were have been he was/has been she was/has been it was/has been ENGLISH

PLURAL wir sind gewesen ihr seid gewesen sie sind gewesen Sie sind gewesen we were/have been you (guys) were have been they were/have been you were/have been

Past Perfect Tense Plusquamperfekt DEUTSCH SINGULAR ich war gewesen du warst gewesen er war gewesen sie war gewesen es war gewesen PLURAL wir waren gewesen ihr wart gewesen sie waren gewesen Sie waren gewesen we had been you (guys) had been they had been you had been I had been you (fam.) had been he had been she had been it had been ENGLISH

Future Tense Futur Note: The future tense, especially with "sein," is used much less in German than in English. Very often the present tense is used with an adverb instead. (Er kommt am Dienstag. = He'll arrive on Tuesday.) DEUTSCH SINGULAR ich werde sein du wirst sein er wird sein sie wird sein es wird sein PLURAL wir werden sein ihr werdet sein sie werden sein Sie werden sein we will be you (guys) will be they will be you will be I will be you (fam.) will be he will be she will be it will be ENGLISH

Future Perfect - Futur II DEUTSCH SINGULAR ich werde gewesen sein du wirst gewesen sein I will have been you (fam.) will have been ENGLISH

er wird gewesen sein sie wird gewesen sein es wird gewesen sein PLURAL wir werden gewesen sein ihr werdet gewesen sein sie werden gewesen sein Sie werden gewesen sein

he will have been she will have been it will have been we will have been you (guys) will have been they will have been you will have been

Commands Imperativ DEUTSCH ENGLISH

There are three command (imperative) forms, one for each German "you" word. In addition, the "let's" form is used withwir (we). (du) sei (ihr) seid seien Sie! seien wir EXAMPLES: Sei brav! Be good!/Behave yourself! Seien Sie still! Be quiet!/No talking! be be be let's be

Subjunctive I - Konjunktiv I DEUTSCH ENGLISH

The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense. The Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) is based on the infinitive form of the verb. It is most often used to express indirect quotation (indirekte Rede). NOTE: This verb form is most often found in newspaper reports or magazine articles. SINGULAR ich sei du sei(e)st er sei sie sei es sei PLURAL wir seien ihr seiet sie seien Sie seien we are (said to be) you (guys) are (said to be) they are (said to be) you are (said to be) I am (said to be) you are (said to be) he is (said to be) she is (said to be) it is (said to be)

Subjunctive II - Konjunktiv II DEUTSCH ENGLISH

The Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) expresses wishful thinking,

contrary-to-reality situations and is used to express politeness. The Subjunctive II is based on the simple past tense (Imperfekt). This "sein" form resembles English examples, such as "If I were you, I wouldn't do that." SINGULAR ich wre du wrest er wre sie wre es wre PLURAL wir wren ihr wret sie wren Sie wren we would be you (guys) would be they would be you would be I would be you would be he would be she would be it would be

Since the Subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can also be used in various tenses. Below are several examples. ich sei gewesen ich wre gewesen wre er hier, wrde er... sie wren gewesen I am said to have been I would have been if he were here, he would... they would have been